An American Family History

Sarah Douglas Stone

“Those who deny freedom to others deserve it not for themselves,
and, under a just God cannot retain it."
― Abraham Lincoln
Alternate spellings of Douglas: Dougals, Doughlass, Douglace, Douglass, Dougless, Douglasse, Dowglas, Dowglass, Duglas, Duglass

Many young healthy people died in colonial Maryland due to outbreaks of malaria and yellow fever.

Sarah Douglas Stone was about 1727 at Bowles Plantation in Charles County, Maryland. Her parents were Captain Benjamin Douglas and Elizabeth Land.

She married Matthew Stone, Jr. after 1749. Matthew was the son of Matthew Stone and Rachel Smoot.

Matthew and Rachel's children included:
Rachel Stone (about 1751),
Elizabeth Land Stone (1753), and
Benjamin Stone (1755).

Matthew died when he was about 30 years old.

Matthew's estate was probated in August, 1757. His next of kin were his brothers, John and Samuel Stone, and Sarah was the administratrix. Sarah's brother, Charles, was surety along with Matthew's brother, John.

Sarah's estate was probated in August, 1775. She was 47.

Bowles Plantation (Bowls, Bowlesley) was a plantation on the Potomac River near Pickawaxon Creek in Charles County, Maryland.
Sarah Bonner inherited it from
William Bowles who had inherited it from his father
Edward Bowles. Sarah left it to her son,
Joseph Douglas.

The first European settlements in Maryland were made in 1634 when English settlers created a permanent colony.


It was common for bequests to include wearing apparel.

Matthew Stone was in born about 1679 in Charles County, Maryland. He was the son of John Stone and Elizabeth Warren. He died before August 10, 1750 in Charles, Maryland. He married Rachel Smoot about 1720. Rachel was born about 1685 in Charles County, Maryland and died after 1750.

Their children:

Reverend John Stone born 1714 died on August 6, 1776 in Charles County.

Samuel Stone born 1726 died after1790. He married Elizabeth Howard who was born about 1730, Charles County, Maryland died after 1790.

Matthew Stone, Jr. was born in Charles County, Maryland. He died before August 10, 1757, Charles County, Maryland. He married Sarah Douglas about 1749.

Thomas Stone died before January, 1758.

Barton Stone died before February 1786. He married Sarah Speake about 1748. Sarah died after 1766.

William Stone born 1723 died after 1759. He married Mary Goodrick.


Maryland was established with religious freedom for Catholics. The colonial economy was based on tobacco cultivated by Africans who had been enslaved.

Matthew Stone 63.488 Charles County
Aug 10 1757
Appraisers: Godied [Godshall] Barnes, Robert Doyne.
Creditors: Daniel Jenifer for dcd M. Thomas Jenifer, John Semple.
Next of kin: John Stone, Samuel Stone.
Administratrix: Sarah Stone.


Matthew Stone 2.98 D Charles County £163.13.7
Nov 25 1758
Sureties: John Stone, Charles Douglass.
Distribution to: Widow (unnamed,⅓).
Residue to children: Rachel, Elisabeth, Benjamin.
Administratrix: Sarah Stone.


Stone, Sarah, Charles Co. 29 Aug. 1775
24 Oct. 1774
To dau. Rachel Stone, Negro woman Sarah, desk.
To dau, Elizabeth Land Stone, Negro boy Gerard,, chest.
To bro. Jesse Douglass, ex., use of Negro boy Walter; If he dies without issue to dau. Elizabeth Land Stone.
To daus: Rachel and Elizabeth Land Stone, remainder of estate equally,
Wit: Sam'l. Stone; Richard Marshall. 40.485

Estate inventories give us a glance into the home life of Colonial Americans.
The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 6  edited by Philip Alexander Bruce, William Glover Stanard

Lieutenant Thomas and Elizabeth Warren had several children, among them Thomas, heir, of Charles county. He was a planter, and lived on his plantation called Frailty. His will, dated 6th January, 1705-6, proved 23d November, 1710, gives Frailty to his wife, Jane, and 300 acres of land to son, Thomas; mentions son, Barton, under age, and several daughters, and that his wife was with child.

One of his children, Mary Warren, married John Stone, of Charles county, planter, born 1748 [sic 1648], died 1776 [sic 1698], who was a son of Thomas Stone, Jr., of Charles county

[Thomas was] (a brother of David Stone, of Poynton, [who was] the father of Thomas Stone, of Charles county, a Signer of the Declaration of Independence),

a son of Thomas Stone, of Poynton, Charles county, Maryland. (a grandson of Captain William Stone, first Protestant Governor of the Province of Maryland, 1648), and his wife, Elizabeth Warren, one of the daughters of the aforesaid Lieutenant Thomas Warren, Jr., of Charles county, who died in 1684.


Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.