An American Family History

Front of Yonge Township


Brockville, Ontario was called Elizabethtown. The area was first settled by English speakers in 1785, when Americans who had remained loyal to the crown fled to Canada after the American Revolution.

United Empire Loyalists were Americans who remained loyal to King George III and the British Empire. They moved to Canada after the American Revolution.

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) was between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the 13 colonies which became the newly formed United States.

The first European settlements in Ontario were after the American Revolution when 5,000 loyalists left the new United States.

Connecticut's first European settlers were Dutch.

The Front of Yonge Township is in eastern Ontario, Canada along the St. Lawrence River between Kingston and Brockville. It was incorporated in 1905 and is in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville. The township is made up of the communities of Ballycanoe, Caintown, Mallorytown, Mallorytown Landing, McIntosh Mills, Trevelyan and Yonge Mills.

During the American Revolution, thousands of Americans who remained loyal to the British, fled to Canada. They were the United Empire Loyalists. The British government helped them to settle as many had nothing when they arrived. The British provided rewards that included land grants, food, tools and other provisions for three years. Land grants ranged from 50 to 1,000 acres, depending on the individual's military rank and whether they had served in combat.

Lebbeus Wickwire (Wickware) moved to Ontario Canada from Connecticut at the time of the Revolution. He was a United Empire Loyalist. He received a land grant in Ontario ( at the head of the Mazina and northward to MacAvoy Lake) and settled there in 1785.

Henry Miller was a Hessian Soldier in the American Revolution. After the war, he settled in Elizabethtown (now Brockville), where he married Sally Robbins.

Daniel Mallory, a loyalist came from Vermont in 1784. He first settled at Mallorytown Landing, but shortly after moved to a farm in Yonge.

A John LaPointe appeared as a private on the 1812-1815 paylist for Dundas County.

Levi Comstock (1766-1804) came to Ontario in 1784 and received his land patent in 1790. He was entitled to 200 acres because his stepfather, Ephraim Eyres was a Loyalist.

Nathaniel Mallory (1752 - 1808) was a loyalist from Vermont. He landed at Mallorytown Landing in 1784 with his wife Abiah Beardsley and their 13 children. In 1790 they moved inland to find better farmland and started Mallorytown. The village is the site of Canada's first glassworks factory, which began in 1839, and closed in 1840.

James Wiltse received a grant of 100 acres in the Town of Yonge on May 17, 1802.

William (Billa) Larue located at the mouth of the creek falling into the St. Lawrence, about four miles west of Mallorytown Landing. He married Abigail Hagerman.

 A saw- and flour-milling complex, Yonge Mills was built by Charles Jones before 1806. The mill produced about 12,000 barrels of flour annually for the export trade.

Asahel Hays and Anna Clossen came from Connecticut to Leeds (now Leeds Grenville) County, Ontario about 1807.

Daniel Alguire was the son of a United Empire Loyalist, who resided near Albany, New York. He served in the War of 1812-15. In 1815 he settled in Yonge.

Reverend William Smart (1788) moved to Elizabethtown in October, 1811. He married Phylina Foote in 1816 and Sarah Mallory in 1862. He died 1876 at Gananoque, Ontario. The First Presbyterian Church in Brockville was built in 1817.

William Smart
William Smart
Minister of the Presbyterian Church

In 1833 the roads were improved including:

The front road from Jones' Mills, in Yonge, to Frederick Brandy's in Elizabethtown (now Brockville)-John Weatherhead, Esquire, and Isaac Cole, Commissioners

The road leading northerly, from Hogaboom's in Yonge, to Wiltse's Mills- Benjamin R. Munsell, Esquire, Joseph Wiltse, Esquire, and Cornell Hunt Commissioners

Thomas Scott built the Yonge Mills Stone Church in 1837 on land donated by Captain Peter Purvis. It was a Presbyterian Church. It was made from area stone with white pine pews and pulpit.

Two armed uprisings that took place in Lower and Upper Canada in 1837 and 1838. 

In November, 1838 British troops and local militia defeated an invasion force of 300 American "Hunters" and Canadian rebels at the Battle of the Windmill. The rebels invaded near Prescott. The Hunters’ Lodge was a secret organization formed in the United States to free Canada from British domination.

Yonge Mills, Ontario was in Front of Yonge Township near Brockville. It is north east of Kingston and north of Watertown, New York. It is now a ghost town. In the mid 19th century, Yonge Mills, was a busy and prosperous village with a population of about 175. It had a sawmill and a fulling mill. There were hotels with taverns and a general store. The village also included two blacksmiths and a church.

Historically an esquire (Esq. or Esqr.) was the title of a man who ranked below a knight in the English gentry. Later it designated a commoner with the status of gentleman and was used by attorneys.

A land patent is an exclusive land grant made by the government. The certificate that grants the land rights is also called first-title deed and final certificate. In the United States, all land can be traced back to the original land patent.

In the War of 1812 (1812-1815) the United States declared war on England because of trade restrictions, impressment, and British support for Indian attacks. They signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814 after reaching a stalemate.

The united counties of Leeds and Grenville are in southern Ontario, Canada on the border with the United States.The county seat is Brockville.

During the American Revolution a Tory or Loyalist was used in for those who remained loyal to the British Crown.







Bauman & Dreisbach

©Roberta Tuller 2017