Charles inherited Cheney's Resolution from his father in 1687. Cheney's Resolution was 400 acres originally granted to Richard Cheney on May 29, 1663.
When Ann's father died in 1705, she received one shilling.
Ann died in 1713. After her death, Charles married Agnes Deale. Agnes was born on June 6, 1673 in Anne Arundel County.
Agnes and Charles' children included:
Nancy Ann Cheney (1718),
Isiah Cheney (1720),
Shadrick Cheney (1722),
Jason Cheney (about 1725),
Rachel Cheney (1731),
Richard Cheney (1732),
Elizabeth Cheney (1732).
On November 21, 1738, Charles was granted a warrant for 100 acres, called Cheney's Delight, in Prince George's County. on the east side of the Antietam. This land was eventually in Washington County. [Liber L.G., No. C, p.56].
His will was proved on February 14, 1744 in Anne Arundel County. He left his children Charles, Shadrick, Jason, and Mary Ricketts one shilling sterling each.
Planter is an archaic term for a settler. Plantation was a method of colonization where settlers were "planted" abroad. A plantation is also the kind of large farm that was the economical basis of many American Colonies and owners of these farms were also called planters.
It was common for bequests to include wearing apparel.
A moiety is one of two equal parts.
The first European settlements in Maryland were made in 1634 when English settlers created a permanent colony.
Maryland was established with religious freedom for Catholics. The colonial economy was based on tobacco cultivated by Africans who had been enslaved.
Jane Pattison, South River, Anne Arundel Co., 6 Je. 1692, pr. 11 Je. 1692.
To dau. Jane and grandson James Rryley;
to dau. Sarah Whitehead & grandch. Chas. & Thos. Whitehead, ch/o Sarah & Thomas Whitehead,afsd ;
and to the first child of Ann, wife of Gilbert Pattison.
To 4 ch., Francis & Wm. Johnson, Jane Ryley, & Sarah Whitehead
exx. Testatrix desires burial by her late husband Thomas Pattison.
Wit. Jas. Powley, Leonard Wayman, Jno. Richardson.
Anne Arundel County, Maryland was established in 1650 and was originally part of St. Mary's County.
In contracts and pleadings usually people and things mentioned before are designated by the term said (sd ) for clarity.
Aforesaid (afd, afsd, aforesd ) means it was already mentioned.
American colonists continued to use British monetary units, namely the pound, shilling and pence for which £1 (orli) equalled 20s and 1s equalled 12d. In 1792 the dollar was established as the basic unit of currency.
Charles Cheney was born about 1702 in South River Hundred, Anne Arundel County
about 19, he married Mary Powell on April 13, 1721. She was about 14 at the
time Mary was a daughter of John and Mary (Dunstone) Powell.
A Charles Cheney married. Elizabeth Green on November 12, 1723 and their children were
Jacob Cheney (1724) and
Rachel Cheney (1730). Doliante wrote that it was the same Charles married to both women who had children at the same time because children of both women were mentioned in Charles' will. A more reasonable explanation is that there were two Charles Cheneys. Jacob was not mentioned in the will and Rachel was mentioned last indicating that she was the youngest and not born in 1730.
Children of Mary Powell:
Charles Cheney (1722),
Dorcas Cheney (1725/6, inherited a shilling),
Ezekiel Cheney ( 1727),
Mary Cheney ( 1726, inherited a shilling).
Jeremiah Cheney (1729, married Naomi Twigg, inherited land and care of Jason).
Additional children in will:
Jason Cheney (handicapped, inherited personal property),
Elizabeth (Betty) Cheney
(1732, inherited a shilling),
Nancy Ann Cheney (1734, married Cheney Ricketts, inherited a shilling),
Charity Cheney (1738, inherited a shilling),
John Cheney (1740, inherited land),
Rebecca Cheney (1742, inherited a shilling),
(1746, married Hannah Dawson, inherited land)
Rachel Cheney (inherited a shilling)
The family moved to Antietam in 1738. Their original tracts of land included Rich Hill, Cheneys
Delight, Strife, and Cadiz.
Rich Hill was surveyed for Charles
Cheney of Prince George's County on December 26, 1738, based on a warrant
that he acquired on September 1, 1736 (MD Patent Book GS1-page 46.
Gave to son Jeremiah Chaney and heirs all my land lying below a bunch of Mulberry Trees, being 6 in number, beginning at said Mulberry Trees and running north 70 degrees west to the given line of Chaney's Delight, and if patent is not obtained for said tract of land called Chaneys Delight, I give to said son Jeremiah Chaney 30 acres of a tract of land called Cadiz lying on the broad side of his own land. [Cadiz, which was 483 acres in Washington County, Maryland, was granted to Ezekial Cheney and surveyed on November 10, 1759, Chaneys Delight was patented by Charles Cheney in 1739]
Gave to sons John and Nathan Chaney and heirs all the rest of my lands to be equally divided between them. I will that my three sons Jeremiah, John and Nathan pay any legal costs in case of a law suit for Chaneys Delight.
Gave to son Jacon [Jason] Chaney all my whole moveable estate, consisting of beds, pots, and every other matter of household furniture, and all my stock of horses and all other creatures of any kind whatsoever belonging to my estate.
I will that my son Jeremiah Chaney keep my son Jacob Chaney as long as my said son Jeremiah shall live and in case of his death before my son Jacob Chaney, that he may by will direct him under any persons care he thinks best. I will and direct that my said son Jacob be used and kept as I have always done.
Gave to daughter Dorcas, daughter Mary, daughter Ann, daughter Charity, daughter Rebecca, daughter Betty, and daughter Rachel one shilling sterling each.
Gave to grandson Charles Chaney 5 shillings sterling.
Willed that just debts be paid by sons Jeremiah, John & Nathan. Appointed son Jeremiah Chaney executor.
Signed Charles Chaney
Senr. Wits. Joseph (his mark) Helm, Ignatious Simms.
(1c) 1781, 27 Mar
Will probated, Washington Co., Maryland.
When a mark is used for a signature, the person was probably illiterate, but may not have been able to sign because of age or infirmity.
Guardianship is when a court gives an adult custody of a child and/or the responsibility of managing the child's property. Before women could own property, guardians were appointed for their minor children if their husband died.
Isaac Cheney, Thomas Cheney of Washington County Petition of Isaac Cheney and Thomas Cheney of Washington County,
that Charles Cheney, the grandfather of your petitioners on 6 June 1752 obtained out of the land office of the (then) province of Maryland a warrant for 50 acres of land pursuance of which a survey was made and a certificate thereof returned by the name of Cheney’s Delight, lying in Frederick county, but in that part thereof now Washington County and containing 96 acres,
for which the said Charles Cheney fully compounded and paid so that permission was given by the agent of the then propriotor for patent to issue thereon
which permission was however invalidated by the subsequent order of the then governor of the Province
that the said Charles Cheney afterwards departed this life, having first made and duly executed his last will and testament which he bequeathed in the first place to his son, Jeremiah Cheney,
all his lands lying below a bunch of mulberry trees being six in mumber and beginning at said mulberry trees and running North 70 degrees West to the given line of Cheney’s Delight
with a proviso that if patent should not be obtained for the said Cheney’s Delight, the said Jeremiah Cheney should become entitled to 30 acres of a tract of land called Gading by a descriptive location of the same contained in the said provisional bequest.
That the said Charles Cheney then proceeded to bequeath to his sons John Cheney and Nathan Cheney all the rest of his lands to be equally divided between them and directed that his sons, Jeremiah, John and Nathan should pay equal costs in case of a law suit for .
Your petitioners further represent that the aforesaid John Cheney departed this life intestate before the year 1785, leaving several children and among them, your petitioner, Thomas Cheney, his oldest son and heir-at-law; that the aforesaid Nathan Cheney also departed this life intestate, before the year 1785, leaving several children and among them, your petitioner Isaac Cheney, his oldest son and heir-at-law.
Petitioners ask for patent to land Cheney’s Delight.
/S/ Isaac Cheney, Thomas Cheney.
Patent issued 10 December 1804
Maryland LW&P, 1801-1808, FHC Film 0013131, page 308
A land patent is an exclusive land grant made by the government. The certificate that grants the land rights is also called first-title deed and final certificate. In the United States, all land can be traced back to the original land patent.
from Mayland and Virginia Colonials: Genealogies of Some Colonial Families by Sharon J. Doliante
This is the only identified Charles Cheney of this era other than his father, we are greatly confused by the All Hallows and Queen Anne's Parish Register entries which appear to pertain to him. They show that he apparently had two wives. i.e. "Charles Cheney married Mary Powell 13 Apr 1721," and "Charles Cheney married Elizabeth Green 12 Nov 1723."
There is nothing unusual about these, but there are then at least ten children shown alternately as either issue of Mary or Elizabeth - seeming to indicate that both wives were living at the same time!
One might conclude that we had two men mixed up and that these were actually two families, but the will of this Charles (infra) names all of the children thus listed in the registers (except Charles and Ezekiel who may have pre-deceased their father), in addition to others not listed in the registers.