An American Family History

The Compton Family

It was common for bequests to include wearing apparel.

John Compton (1651) married Mary Clarke (1646). Mary was the daughter of Robert Clarke.

They settled in Charles County Maryland on an estate of eight hundred acres called Brathwood.

John and Mary's children probably included:
John Compton, Jr. (1667 - 1714, died before father),
Samuel Compton (1669),
Matthew Compton (1671, married Susannah Briscoe, daughter of Colonel Philip Briscoe and Susannah Swan),
Gerard Compton (1673),
Eleanor Compton ( 1677, married Henry Hardy).
James Compton (1679) and
Ralph Compton (1681).

Planter is an archaic term for a settler. Plantation was a method of colonization where settlers were "planted" abroad. A plantation is also the kind of large farm that was the economical basis of many American Colonies and owners of these farms were also called planters.

Estate inventories give us a glance into the home life of Colonial Americans.
  William Compton, son of John Compton, Jr. (1677) married Mary Clarke.  



Culpeper County, Virginia was established in 1749 from Orange County.

Family of Hay by Charles J. Colcock

The Compton history in American began in the Province of Maryland with John Compton [d. 1717/18] as immigrant. he came from Northampton, England and the name of the English estate is Compton Wyngates. He settled in Maryland on an estate of eight hundered acres called Brathwood.

Records show a marriage to Mary Douglas, 1675, daughter of Robert Clark and widow of Robert Douglas. [This can't be true since their first child was supposedly born in 1667]

Their children were:
a. John Compton, Jr. born 1667 [d. 1714, before father].
b. Samuel Compton, born 1669.
c. Matthew Compton born 1671, married Susannah Briscoe, daughter of Colonel Philip Briscoe and Susannah Swan.
d. Gerard Compton born 1673
e. Eleanor Compton born 1677; married Henry Hardy.
f. James Compton born 1679
g. Ralph Compton born 1681.

William Compton, son of John Compton, Jr. (1677) married Mary Clarke and their son, William Clarke Compton, married Elizabeth Elgin in Charles County, Maryland. In 1778 they moved to Flint Hill, Culpeper County, Virginia.

Maryland was established with religious freedom for Catholics. The colonial economy was based on tobacco cultivated by Africans who had been enslaved.
Personal property can be called personalty (personality), goods, chattels, articles, or movable property. It includes both animate or inanimate property.

Charles County Land Records Liber L#2 Page 66.
At the request of John Chunn Jr of Charles County, the following patent and assignment was recorded this Dec 20, 1722.

Caecilius, Proprietary of Maryland.
Know that we, for and in consideration that John Compton & Rob. Page of Maryland, planters, have due them 500 acres of land, assigned sd Compton and Page, the assignee of Bridgett [Yowkins] Heard, the relict of Wm Heard, and 300 acres more out of a -- for 350 acres the sd page as appears - record papers such conditions and terms as are expressed.in our..,Conditions of. Plantation of the Province of Maryland or our greater Seal dated at London Jul 2, 1649, with such alterations as is made by our Declaration dated Sep 25, 1658, remaining of record in Maryland, do hereby grant to sd John Compton and Robert Page, a parcel of land (called Brothwood, [Brathwood] lying in St Mary's County in the woods, bounded by a bounded white oak of Edward Swann called Sagteston, [Eagleton] containing and laid out for about 800 acres.

Signed Sep 20, 1665- Charles Calvert.
Know that we, John Compton and Robert Page of St Mary's County, for a valuable consideration to us in hand paid, we have sold to Walter Bayne, our right to the within mentioned land.
Signed May 15, 1666 -
John (jc his mark) Compton, Robert Page.
Wit - Jonathan Marlow, Andrew Ward.

1642-1753 Rent Rolls Charles County, Maryland Hundred - Newport: Rent Roll page/Sequence: 369-51:
Brathwood: 800 acres; Possession of - 800 Acres - Bayne, Walter: Surveyed 12 June 1665 for John Compton & Robert Page in the woods at the boundary of the land called Eagleton

Other Tracts Mentioned:
Eagleton; Conveyance notes - Possessed by Walter Bayne for his brother Ebsworth Bayne, 100 Acres- Samuel Love from Ebsworth Bayne; 28 Jan 1715;
100 Acres- Samuel Love from Ebsworth Bayne;
11 Nov 1718, Joseph Allen from Ebsworth Bayne;
22 Feb 1715, 469 Acres - John Chunn Jr. from Ebsworth Bayne;
23 May 1717; 480 Acres - John Chunn Jr. from Ebsworth Bayne;
16 Sep 1719, 800 Acres - John Chunn Jr. from William Compton;
8 March 1721, Joseph Allen Jr. from Joseph Allen Sr.;
6 Nov 1729; John Wilson from Joseph Allen; 30 May 1746, 12 Acres - Samuel Love from Joseph Allen; 8 March 1745

Lord Baltimore, Cecil Calvert (1605 -1675), 2nd Baron Baltimore was the first governor of Maryland.
Phillip Calvert (1626–1682), was the 5th governor from 1660 to1665.
Charles Calvert (1637 – 1715), 3rd Baron Baltimore inherited the colony in 1675.

The first European settlements in Maryland were made in 1634 when English settlers created a permanent colony.

Rent rolls were lists of landowners showing whether they had paid their annual quit-rents to the Crown. A quick-rent was a feudal remnant and was paid by a freeholder in lieu of services that might otherwise have been required.


from 1642-1753 Rent Rolls Charles County, Maryland Hundred - Newport: Rent Roll page/Sequence: 375-17:

Eagleton: 615 acres; Possession of - 615 Acres - Swann, Samuel: Surveyed 9 July 1669 for Edward Swann in the woods near Piles Fresh at a bound[ary] poplar near the head of a branch:
80 Acres - Samuel Swann from Philip Briscoe;
19 June 1725,12 Acres -
Samuel Love from Thomas Swann;
17 July 1732,
38 Acres - Samuel Love from Thomas Swann; 23 Aug 1746