An American Family History

Gould Family

Essex County, Massachusetts was created on May 10, 1643 by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, when it ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires."

Zaccheus Gould, son of Richard Gould was born in 1589 at Bovington, Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England.

He married Phebe Deacon (1620 - 1663), daughter of Thomas Deacon and Martha Field about 1618 at Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England.

Priscilla Gould (1620),
Phebe Gould (1620, married Thomas Perkins),
Mary Gould (1621),
Francis Gould (1622),
Martha Gould (1623),
John Gould (1635)
Frances R Gould (1639)
Henry Gould (1640)

The family immigrated to New England around 1638.

At first they settled in Weymouth, Massachusetts.

From 1639 to 1644, they lived in Lynn, Essex County, Massachusetts. Zaccheus owned a mill on the Saugus River.

By 1644, they were living in Ipswich, in the area that became Topsfield.

Zaccheus died in 1688.





Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.

from The family of Zaccheus Gould of Topsfield by Benjamin Apthorp Gould

Zaccheus [Gould], b. 1717 Nov. 7; m. 1745 Nov. 4 Rebecca (b. 1722 Nov. 28; d. 1792 May 30), dau. of Dea. Samuel and Mary Symonds of Middleton; d. 1793 Jan. 2 ; no children.

He was a very useful man in the town. Although his education was small, yet he filled many important offices, was one of the Selectmen of the town 18 years in 21, and represented the town in the General Court. He was a wealthy farmer and a very benevolent man; and though he had no children of his own, yet he brought up many fatherless and motherless children, as also poor ones, from their infancy. He was a man of sound judgement, — a terror to evil doers, and a praise to all who did well, his wife was one of the excellent of the earth." (Rev. Daniel Gould, 1815).

He is said to have possessed remarkable arithmetical ability, habitually performing complicated calculations in his mind, within less time than most others could do them on paper.

Mr. Zaccheus Gould and his wife Rebecca, having no children of their own, brought up in their household the five following: ,

a. Mary Hooper, from Salem, an orphan. She m. 1766 (publ. June 8) Aaron Esty, who moved to Vermont,

b. Zaecheus [Gould] (No. 308) son of Mr. Gould's brother Eliezer.

c. Rebecca [Gould] (No. 312) dau. of the same. She m. 1788 Amos Foster from Rowley.

d. Mehitable [Peabody], b. 1764 Aug. 7, dau. of John and Hannah [Smith] Peabody. Her mother was dau. of Samuel and Rebecca [Curtice] Smith (see No. 82), and thus first cousin to Mr. Gould, and niece of the first wife of his brother Eliezer. They adopted her when three weeks old. She m. 1789 Nov. 24 Jonas Merriam (b. 1764; d. 1827 Feb. 23), brother of Dr. John, and had three children.

a . Anna (Nancy) Mecum, b. 1771, dau. of Elizabeth [Robinson] (No. 279), Mr. Gould's niece. She m. 1798 Moses Gould (No. 160).

His negro woman Venus, m. 1707 Prince, the noted slave of Zaecheus Collins (See Lewis's History of Lynn, p. 344).

Essex County, Massachusetts was created on May 10, 1643 by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, when it ordered "that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires."

The Family of Zaccheus Gould of Topsfield By Benjamin Apthorp Gould

John Gould, b. 1687 Aug. 25; son of John;
m. 1) 1708-9 Feb. 2 Hannah Curtis (d. 1712 Apr. 25);
2) 1715 June 23 Phebe Towne. Will made 1756 Dec. 30, pro. 1762 July 20. Lived in Boxford.

Children by first wife, Hannah:
Martha, b. 1709 Nov. 6; m. 1) 1729 John Pritchard; 2 1761 Samuel Perkins; d. 1771.
Mary, b. 1710-11 Jan. 2; m. 1731 June 30 Lieut. Thomas Gould (No. 63); d. 1784 Apr. 29.
John, b 1712 April 9 d. 1712 Apr. 18.
Hannah b 1712 Apr 9 m. 1732 July 9 Samuel Marston (d. 1756-7); d. abt. 1786. Children: Anna and Elizabeth, d. in infancy (1741 Sept. 17 and 23).

Children by second wife, Phebe:
Phebe, b. 1716 Sept. 22 ; m. 1755 Feb. 25 Eliezer Gould (No. 87), being his second wife.
Kezia, b. 1718 May 10; m. 1739 Jacob Dwinell; d. 1798.
John, b. 1720 Apr. 6; d. in infancy.
Richard, b. 1722 Apr. 20; m. 1) 1744 ? 2) Roxanna Burnham; 3) Ruhamah; lived in New Hampshire.
Stephen, b. 1724 July 6; m. 1747-8 Jan. 18 Hannah Perkins; d. 1798.
Abner, bapt. Boxford 1726 June; died young.
Ruth, b. 1727 Sept. 16; died young.
Jacob, b. 1728-9 Feb. 6; m. 1751 Elizabeth Towne; d. 1809.
Esther, b. 1732 Aug. 10; m. 1751 Jonathan Towne.
Amos, b. 1735 Aug. 13; m. 1759 Huldah Foster; d.1772.

During Shays' Rebellion the rebels were mostly farmers angered by excessive debt and taxes. Failure to repay debts could resulted in imprisonment in debtor's prison or the state claiming property.


from Genealogical and Personal Memoirs, Volume 1 edited by William Richard Cutter

Daniel Gould, son of John Gould, born November 8. 1699, died December 11, 1766. He resided in Topsfield, and was selectman in 1739 and 1742.

He married first, July 28. 1731, Lydia Averill, born December 11. 1712, died December 22, 1739, daughter of Ebenezer and Mehitable (Foster) Averill;

second, January 3, 1753, Lucy (Tarbox) Perkins born October 25. 1722, died August 29, 1806. daughter of Captain Thomas Tarbox, of Wenham, and widow of Elisha Perkins. She married third, Asa Gould.


The Family of Zaccheus Gould of Topsfield by Benjamin Apthorp Gould

Joseph Gould, b. 1726 Nov. 4;
d. 1803 June 9;
son of Joseph5;
m. 1751 Dec. 19 Elizabeth (b. 1730 Sept. 28; d. 1825 Mar. 5), eldest dau. of Rev. John and Elizabeth Emerson.
He was Capt. of the Topsfield company which marched to Lexington 1775 Apr. 19 (Col. John Baker's regiment);
deacon 1778, and later Major in the regiment. Member, from 1776 to 1780, of the Committees of "Correspondence " and "Public Safety." "A clever and noble-spirited man, and for many years deacon in the church." (Rev. Daniel Gould).

331. Elizabeth, b. 1752 Dec. 4; m. 1784 Stephen Perley; d. 1840.
332. Joseph, b. 1753 Dec. 6; d. 1767 Sept. 16.
333. Dorcas, d. 1767, in infancy.
334. Daniel, b. 1755-6 Jan. 18; m. 1778 Sarah Bradstreet; d. 1826.
335. Priscilla, b. 1757 Nov. 13; m. 1796 John Longfellow.
336. Sarah, b. 1759 Aug. 26; d. 1761 June 13.
337. Mary, b. 1761 Mar. 29; m. 1788 Elijah Averill; d. 1797.
338. Emerson, b. 1763 Jan. 23; m. 1790 Sarah Stevens.
339. John, b. 1765 Jan. 27; m. 1) 1788 Sarah Lamson; 2) 1795 Betsey Stephens; d. 1840.
340. Cornelius, b. 1767 Feb. 1; m. 1) 1791 Phebe Porter; 2) 1812 Lydia Jenkins.
341. Sarah, b. 1769 Feb. 5; m. 1794 Phineas Perley; d. 1845.
342. Abigail, b. 1771 Oct. 27; m. 1792 Peter Shaw.
343. Joseph, b. 1773 Aug. 29; m. 1) 1794 Ruth Porter; 2) 1825 Catherine B. Parker; d. 1834.