An American Family History

Eli Oxley

Oxley is also spelled Owsley, Oxleigh and Oxly.
Fleming County, Kentucky was established in 1798 from part of Mason County in northeastern Kentucky. Some of Fleming County was taken to form Floyd County in 1800 and Rowan County in 1856.

Eli Oxley was born about 1766 in Loudoun County, Virginia. His parents may have been Henry and Joanna Oxley.

Eli enlisted in Adair's Regiment of the Kentucky militia during the final stages of the Northwest Indian War on September 26, 1793. Lt. Col. John Adair’s Regiment of Cavalry mustered at Fort Washington (near present-day Cincinnati, Ohio). The regiment was under Maj. Gen. Charles Scott.

Eli married Margaret about 1793. Their children and life together are described in detail in the section on Eli and Margaret Oxley.

Eli died before 1810.

Children of Margaret and Eli Oxley
  • William Oxley
  • Elizabeth Oxley Ricketts
  • Celia Oxley McDowell
  • Polly Oxley Busby
  • Prior Oxley
  • Samuel Oxley
  • Rachel Oxley
  • Eli Oxley, Jr.
  • Kentucky was originally a county in Virginia and included the lands west of the Appalachians. In 1780, it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties. Kentucky officially became a state on June 1, 1792.



      Micajah Harrison (1776–1842), a native of Virginia, moved to Kentucky in 1786 and participated eight years later in Gen. Anthony Wayne’s campaign against the Indians. He was appointed clerk of the newly formed Montgomery County (with Mount Sterling as the county seat) in December 1796 and served in that capacity for nearly three decades. Harrison also farmed and briefly operated a tavern (WMQ, 2d ser., 14 [1934]: 176; The Biographical Encyclopedia of Kentucky of the Dead and Living Men of the Nineteenth Century [1878], 140; Carl B. Boyd and Hazel M. Boyd, A History of Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, 1792–1918 [1984], 5, 19, 213).  
      Mr. Dana, from the Committee of Claims, to whom was referred the memorial of Richard Taylor, of Kentucky, made the following report:
    The object of this memorial is to obtain an additional allowance of pension.
    The memorialist states, that in a course of active and dangerous service, pending the late Indian war, during which he gave full satisfaction to his superior officers, he had the misfortune of being wounded in a sharp action, fought near Fort St. Clair, between a corps of Kentucky volunteers, under the command of General John Adair, and a body of Indians, commanded by the Little Turtle, by a rifle-ball in his groin, which passed through his body, fracturing his left thigh bone in a manner which has rendered him a cripple for life, thereby depriving him of the capacity of supporting himself by labor.
    That after languishing under his wound from the 6th day of November, 1792, until the 3d of July, 1793, he was discharged from the hospital of the United States in a state of convalescence, but much debilitated, his wounds being at that time unhealed.
    That at the time of being wounded, and for many months before, he received the daily pay of one hundred and twenty-five cents for his services on dangerous escorts between the Ohio and Fort Jefferson, and as a spy and guide.
    That in consideration of his disability incurred in the public service, an application was made in his behalf for a pension; and he was placed on the list of invalid pensioners of the United States, at the rate of thirty dollars per annum, a sum which is insufficient for his maintenance in decency or comfort, and far from being in proportion to his pay while in service. The committee, from personal observation, are fully sensible of the serious nature of the disability-incurred by the memorialist; and are led to believe that he was placed on the pension list at so low a rate in consequence of some mistake or want of information. The sum allowed to him is but the one half of a pension to a private soldier in ordinary service, and does not correspond to the allowance made in another case, similarly circumstanced.
    On a view of the circumstances attending this case, the committee recommend the following resolution to the House:
    Resolved, That the prayer of the memorial of Richard Taylor is reasonable and ought to be granted.