An American Family History

Eli Oxley

Oxley is also spelled Owsley, Oxleigh and Oxly.
Fleming County, Kentucky was established in 1798 from part of Mason County in northeastern Kentucky. Some of Fleming County was taken to form Floyd County in 1800 and Rowan County in 1856.

Eli Oxley was born about 1766 in Loudoun County, Virginia. His parents may have been Henry and Joanna Oxley.

Eli enlisted on September 26, 1793 in Adair's Regiment, Kentucky Volunteers, Major General Scott's command at, Fort Washington,

Eli married Margaret about 1793. Their children and life together are described in detail in the section on Eli and Margaret Oxley.

Eli died before 1810.

Children of Margaret and Eli Oxley
  • William Oxley
  • Elizabeth Oxley Ricketts
  • Celia Oxley McDowell
  • Polly Oxley Busby
  • Prior Oxley
  • Samuel Oxley
  • Rachel Oxley
  • Eli Oxley, Jr.
  • Kentucky was originally a county in Virginia and included the lands west of the Appalachians. In 1780, it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties. Kentucky officially became a state on June 1, 1792.




    Mounted Volunteers under the Command of Captain Richard Taylor
    Adair's Regiment, Kentucky Volunteers, Major General Scott's command
    Fort Washington 1793

    Fort Washington was built in 1789 to protect early settlements in the Northwest Territory. The fort was lin modern-day downtown Cincinnati .

    Name Remarks Alternate Spelling Personal    
    Taylor, Richard - Captain commissioned August 10        
    Moore, Samuel - Lieutenant commissioned September 30        
    Walker, James - Ensign commissioned September 26        
    Stephens, David - Ord. Sergt. enlisted September 26        
    Anderson, Bartholomew - Sergeant enlisted September 26        
    McCrady, Hugh - Sergeant enlisted October 6        
    Sutton, John - Sergeant enlisted September 26        
    McWilliams William -Corporal enlisted October 6        
    Harrison, Micajah - Corporal enlisted October 10 McCajah b. 1776 in Virginia    
    Kamper, William - Corporal enlisted October 10        
    Richardson, Edward - Bugler enlisted September 26        
    Thomas, Evan T. - Sadler enlisted October 10        
    Beem, Jacob enlisted September 26        
    Carter, Thomas enlisted September 26        
    Coile, Jack enlisted October 6, sick at Fort Hamilton, present at muster at Fort Washington Nov 11, sick at Fort Hamilton, present at muster at Fort Washington Nov 11        
    Day, Middleton enlisted October 6, sick at Fort Hamilton, present at muster at Fort Washington Nov 11        
    Davison, George enlisted October 6        
    Foard, Samuel enlisted October 6        
    Gooden, James enlisted October 10        
    Humphreys, Elijah enlisted September 26        
    Hamilton, David enlisted September 26        
    Hurts, William enlisted September 26        
    Hamilton, Alexander enlisted September 30        
    Hamilton, John (2) enlisted September 30        
    Hutchinson, Silas enlisted October 6 Hutcheson, Silace      
    Johnston, Mathew enlisted September 26
    Jack, Robert deserted        
    Johnston, James enlisted October 6        
    Kelly, John enlisted September 26        
    Lintch, Jeremiah enlisted September 26        
    Lindsey, Henry enl Sept 30 transf to spies Oct 26        
    Mitchel, William enlisted September 26        
    Morrison, Archabald enlisted September 26        
    McMillin, James enlisted September 29        
    Moore, Jesse enlisted October 30        
    Mitchel, James enlisted October 3        
    McBriers, James enlisted October 6        
    Oxley, Ely enlisted September 26        
    Pendleton, Tobias enlisted October 6        
    Rodgers, Lazerus enlisted September 26 Lazeras      
    Ray, John enlisted October 10        
    Simpson, Andrew enlisted September 26        
    Simpson, John enlisted October 6        
    Simpson, James enlisted October 10        
    Tucker, Robert enlisted September 26        
    Torr, William enlisted October 6 Tarr b. 1774 in Virginia, m. Hannah Campbell    
    Torr, John enlisted October 10 Tarr b. 1772 in Virginia, m. Hannah McKinney    
    Wallace, Robert enlisted September 26        
    Weedon, William enlisted October 6        
    Waldren, Lewis enlisted October 10        

    This Company was mustered through November 11, 1793.

      Micajah Harrison (1776–1842), a native of Virginia, moved to Kentucky in 1786 and participated eight years later in Gen. Anthony Wayne’s campaign against the Indians. He was appointed clerk of the newly formed Montgomery County (with Mount Sterling as the county seat) in December 1796 and served in that capacity for nearly three decades. Harrison also farmed and briefly operated a tavern (WMQ, 2d ser., 14 [1934]: 176; The Biographical Encyclopedia of Kentucky of the Dead and Living Men of the Nineteenth Century [1878], 140; Carl B. Boyd and Hazel M. Boyd, A History of Mt. Sterling, Kentucky, 1792–1918 [1984], 5, 19, 213).  
      Mr. Dana, from the Committee of Claims, to whom was referred the memorial of Richard Taylor, of Kentucky, made the following report:
    The object of this memorial is to obtain an additional allowance of pension.
    The memorialist states, that in a course of active and dangerous service, pending the late Indian war, during which he gave full satisfaction to his superior officers, he had the misfortune of being wounded in a sharp action, fought near Fort St. Clair, between a corps of Kentucky volunteers, under the command of General John Adair, and a body of Indians, commanded by the Little Turtle, by a rifle-ball in his groin, which passed through his body, fracturing his left thigh bone in a manner which has rendered him a cripple for life, thereby depriving him of the capacity of supporting himself by labor.
    That after languishing under his wound from the 6th day of November, 1792, until the 3d of July, 1793, he was discharged from the hospital of the United States in a state of convalescence, but much debilitated, his wounds being at that time unhealed.
    That at the time of being wounded, and for many months before, he received the daily pay of one hundred and twenty-five cents for his services on dangerous escorts between the Ohio and Fort Jefferson, and as a spy and guide.
    That in consideration of his disability incurred in the public service, an application was made in his behalf for a pension; and he was placed on the list of invalid pensioners of the United States, at the rate of thirty dollars per annum, a sum which is insufficient for his maintenance in decency or comfort, and far from being in proportion to his pay while in service. The committee, from personal observation, are fully sensible of the serious nature of the disability-incurred by the memorialist; and are led to believe that he was placed on the pension list at so low a rate in consequence of some mistake or want of information. The sum allowed to him is but the one half of a pension to a private soldier in ordinary service, and does not correspond to the allowance made in another case, similarly circumstanced.
    On a view of the circumstances attending this case, the committee recommend the following resolution to the House:
    Resolved, That the prayer of the memorial of Richard Taylor is reasonable and ought to be granted.