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An American Family History

Jonathan Stanhope, Sr. and Susannah Ayres

 
Sudbury, Middlesex County, Massachusetts
 
 

Various spellings of Stanhope
Stanape, Stanup, Standhope, Stanhop, Stanop, and Stannup

 
Middlesex County, Massachusetts was created on May 10, 1643. The county originally included Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertown, Sudbury, Concord, Woburn, Medford, Wayland, and Reading.

Ensign Jonathan Stanhope, Sr. and Susannah Ayres were married at Charlestown or Sudbury on April 16, 1656.

Her parents were not Captain John Ayers and Susannah Symons of Ipswich. Their daughter was only eleven years old in 1667, so she was born about the time Jonathan Stanhope married. She married Thomas Day.

She was also not the daughter of John and Hannah Ayres of Haverhill. They did not have a daughter named Susannah.

Their children were born in Sudbury. According to A History of Framington Massachusetts, the Stanhope place was near How's Tavern.

Jonathan Stanhope, Jr. was born on February 2, 1657, Sarah Stanhope was born on March 25, 1658. Hannah Stanhope Jennings was born about 1660, Joseph Stanhope was born on September 13, 1662, Jemima Stanhope Rutter was born on June 24, 1665, Mary Stanhope was born on January 29, 1667, and Rebecca Stanhope Hemenway was born on October 29, 1670. 

On April 21, 1676, Jonathan participated in the Sudbury fight of King Philip's War where Native American warriors attacked Sudbury. The colonists living west of the Sudbury River fled to garrisons and none of them were captured. The most severe attacks were at the Haynes garrison which was set afire by rolling a wagon full of flax down a hill to it. The colonists were still able to defend it. Eventually soldiers arrived from nearby towns.

Susannah died on June 2, 1676 in Sudbury.

Jonathan died in 1702.

MaryRolandson
Mary White Rowlandson,Talcot
was captured by Native Americans
during King Philip's War (1675-1676).
Old Style Calendar
Before 1752 the year began on Lady Day, March 25th,. Dates between January 1st and March 24th were at the end of the year. Old Style (O.S.) and New Style (N.S.) are used to indicate whether the year has been adjusted. Often both dates are used.

European and indiginous American fought fierce battles as the Europeans expanded their territory.
 

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King Philip’s War was a bloody and costly series of raids and skirmishes in 1675 and 1676 between the Native American people and the colonials. King Philip was the Native American leader Metacom.

Genealogical and Family History of the State of Maine by George Thomas Little, Henry Sweetser Burrage, Albert Roscoe Stubbs published by Lewis Historical Publishing Company, 1909

Ensign Jonathan Stanhope, immigrant ancestor, settled early in Sudbury, Massachusetts, where he died October 22, 1702, aged seventy years. Therefore he was born in 1632, doubtless in England. He married, at Charlestown, April 16, 1656, Susanna Ayer.

He married (second) Abigail, who died at Sudbury, his widow, September 17, 1722.

Children, born at Sudbury:
1. Jonathan, February 2, 1657, married, May 11, 1674, Sarah Griffin;
children:
i. Isaac, born June 27, 1675;
ii. Jonathan, November 5. died November 19, 1681.
2. Sarah, March 25, 1658.
3. Hannah, married, April 1, 1686, Stephen Jennings.
4. Joseph, September 13, 1662, mentioned below.
5. Jemima, June 5, 1665.
6. Mary, January 29, 1667, married William Wesson. [I don't think that the Mary Stanhope who married William Wesson was the daughter of Jonathan and Susannah since she was considerably older than William]
7. Rebecca, October 29, 1670.
8. Jemima, married, October 15, 1689, Thomas Rutter.

Early European settlers in the American colonies were mostly farmers and craftsmen. They had to work hard to provide daily neccesities for themselves.