An American Family History

David Taylor's Estate Sale

Seals were used to authenticate documents and men were expected to have a personal die. Records in deed books are copies and signatures are usually in the clerk’s handwriting. The clerk drew a circle around the word “seal” to indicate that the original document was sealed.

Page 2
Shelby Common pleas
Augt 29, 1834
John Lenox
Bound adm
of Taylor
David Taylor decd
Filed Augt 29, 1834
J. A. Wells, clk
David Taylor decd

Page 3 - In Matter of Estate of David Taylor- Amounts Paid

Dr. Jno Moon 10.00
A.H. Hathaway .62½
Thomas Rogan 2.62½
Thomas Smith 1.25
James Forsythe 1.15
Henry Wolf 10.63
Benj Wallingford .56¼
Jason Taylor 11.76
James Skillan 2.00
John Leniasters 10.37½
E. Thomas 6.12½
John M. Wilson 3.50
Julius Wayle 71.28
John Taylor 27.02½
W. Evans Co. 2.93
J. B Johnson 3.00
Thomas Robbins 2.67¼
John Staley 2.61
Joseph Brunner 10.75
W. Smith 2 68 3/4
Thomas Coleman 1.71
Apriate Iredges 4.50
Hugh Thompson 3.25
Silas D. Allen 41.17½
Alexander Shaw 14.37½
John Howdyshell 20.50
Philip Young .56¼
Isaac Bogart 3.81¼
Andrew Noggle 1.00
Matthew Bolin 6.43
Goode & Conklin [attorneys] 5.00
Total 224.00

The first Europeans settled in the Northwest Territory in 1788. Migrants came from New York and New England. Ohio was admitted to the Union as the 17th state on March 1, 1803.

Cr. Lenox adm of Taylor and Contd $ & cts
By Amt paid to Clerk voucher no 33 4.82
By Amt of Admt Entell for extra services 34 10.00
total 24.82
Amt from former page 224.00
total 238.82
Amt of assets 500.00
subtract 261.18 ¾
Adm percentage on the amt of assets of $500 30.00
Pat in adm funds 231.18 ¾

Page 5-Know all men, By these presents, That we, John Lenox, Jacob Slusser and Ezekiel Thomas of the County of Shelby in the State of Ohio, are held firmly bound unto the said State of Ohio, in the just sum of twelve hundred Dollars, lawful money of the United States for payment of which well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves, and each of us by himself, for and of the whole sum, our and every of our heirs, executors and administrators, firmly present sealed with our seals.
Dated the 19 day of August one thousand eight hundred and thirty four.


Page 6
John Lenox
of David Taylor decd.
Acc Vouchers from no 1 to no 3
Settled and allowed
Sept 15, 1837
Bal. In adm hand $231.?

Filed May 20 1831
Ia ce cel ??
Exo & allowance at
Sept Term 1837
Vs No 3 to 88
& Recorded Book
No 1 page 374 re
J. A. Wells clk
Goode & Conklin atty.


Page 7 - Cr. John Lenox Administrator of

To Amt of 409.33
To Amt of Cash on Hand at death 71.42
To Amt of Notes and accounts at hand at death 19.25 34/
Whole Amt of Assets 500.00 ¾

Page 8
Shelby Common pleas
D. Taylor Estate
Widow Allowance
Filed Nov 24 1834
J. A. Wells, Clk
Record Book
No one page
260 to Dower

Pages 11 to 16
Sale List of the goods and chattles (tangible property other than land, buildings and things annexed to the land) of David Taylor deceased.
Tools were an important legacy because they were essential part of daily life.

A shot-pouch is a leather bag for ammunition.



A martingale is a harness strap that connects the nose piece to the girth and prevents the horse from throwing back its head.


William Abbott bought 1 Rifle gun, Shotpouch one Martingal and one Hogshead

A hogshead is a large barrel or cask holding from 63 to 140 gallons.


William Abbott came to Franklin Township in Shelby County in 1832 from Northampton County, Pennsylvania about 1832. He was born about 1794/95 in Northampton County, Pennsylvania. He married Catherine Hausknecht in 1815 in Towamensing, Northhampton,
Pennsylvania. Five of their six children were born in Northampton
County, Pennsylvania.

John Albright bought one riddle.

A sieve is a framed mesh and is used to separate coarser from finer particles. A riddle is a coarse sieve.


John, Matthias, William B. Allbright appeared in the 1840 census in Franklin Township.


An adze is a is a tool used for smoothing rough-cuts.


John Altermott bought 1 cooper Adze, one sorel colt, one vinegar cask & fish barrel, wash board and fat can, three barrels & cask, one barrel, one hogshead, one whiskey barrel and a coulter plow.




John Altermott was from Franklin Township, Shelby County.

A coulter is a vertical blade on a plough in front of the ploughshare.


  Silas D. Allen bought two hogs (second choice), 1 coffee mill and a Candlestick. Silas D. Allen lived next to John Taylor in Dinsmore Township. He owned a mill with Duff Gouge.
  John Baker bought one coverlet. John C. Baker was born in Kentucky in 1787. He married Margaret Bush of Virginia. He died in Shelby Co. on August 26, 1853 or 1855 and is buried in Pioneer Cem., Salem Township.
  Joseph Baum bought one bell.  

Stilyards are weighing scales.


Nehemiah Bennett bought 1 Shovel plow and one book.
Peter Bennett bought 1 pair Stilyards.
Nehemiah Bennett was born in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania on April 3, 1793-25. Married first to Sarah Slusser in May 1817.  Married second to Mary L. Croy. Served in Thomas Williams Co. in the War of 1812.The Bennets lived in Franklin Township. He died in Shelby County in January, 1883.
  Robert Blakely - one hymm Book Samuel Blakely came to Dinsmore Township in 1832 from Franklin County


Isaac Bogart bougth two beds bolts quilt 3 blankets, Bed & bedding, tin cups, Bucket & tin, one coffeepot, one Boll, shears and doorlatch,
pewter plates,and one hogshead.
Pewter is an alloy composed mainly of tin, but can include lead. It was used for dishes and utensils. Some colonists suffered lead poisoning from using it. It dents easily and lasted about ten years. It was expensive and wooden dishes were used most often.

Isaac Bogart was born 1784 in Northumberland County, Danville, Pennsylvania, and died August 31, 1853 in Auglaize County, Ohio. He married Mary Lilley on October 04, 1813 in Northumberland.

An auger is a tool for boring holes in wood.


Matthew Bolin bought box and clothing, one hog, one cradle, 1 teapot, and three barrels.

Peter Bolin bought one hog, one pair Shears, one set of horse gears and a one inch Augar.

A pair of Horse gears are the parts that allow wagon wheels to be turned by a horse.
wagon gearsx
A horse gear allows a horse to operate machinery.
Peter Bolin came to Dinsmore Township in 1834 from Montgomery County.
  Samuel Boyer bought one red cow. Samuel Boyer was born about 1788 in Berks County, Pennsylvania and died May 28, 1860 in Franklin Township, Shelby County, Ohio.
  Joseph Bruner bought one lamp, one axe, one Shovel, one Sythe, a Windmill iron, Three sickles, and one Iron Wedge. Joseph Bruner came to Dinsmore Township in 1834 from Clark County.

James Bryan bought one Saddle.

Joseph Carmany (Carmoney) bought one well Bucket chain, one featherbed, do Sash, dido halter chain & cable and 1 stone hammer.

Thomas Coleman bought a blind Bridle.

  Jeremiah Evans bought one lot leather and one halter chain collar. He lived in Port Jefferson.
  Abel Forshee bought one lot of corn, one padlock, 1 patent plow, four books and one padlock.
  George Fridley bought two lots of potatoes, one Trowel, Nails & Almanack, spotted sow, 4 pigs, one Sow and a wheelbarrow wheel. A note says "those potatoes was principly used while the family was still on the place."

Rachel Gouge bought a Ladle, Skimmer, and knife. Duff Gouge (1812-1858) bought two hogs ( first choice) and one Spinning Wheel.

Robert Gouge bought one broad axe.

The Gouge family lived in Dinsmore Township near John Taylor and the Bolins. Duff owned a mill with Silas Allen.

George Glass bought one box of glass and a Hook Iron.

John Goode bought one stand and 1 pint bottle.

George Gray bought one red stear with white back and a red stear.

A grain auger is used to move grain from carts to storage bins. John Harner bought one Sow, 7 pigs and one Six gr Auger.

John Howdyshell bought one desk, 4 books, two sheets, one Clock, one looking glass, and one axe.

  John B. Johnston bought 1 lot Iron & steel, A pair horseshoes, one knife box, knives, and spoons. Sergeant John Johnson was born in Mifflin County, Pennsylvania on August 16, 1778. He married  Mary Ewing, daughter of James Ewing in 1816. He served in General Bell's 1st reg. Ohio Militia  in the War of 1812. Lived in Franklin Township and died in Shelby County in Feb. 1860.
Timothy is grass with long cylindrical spikes.

Isaac Julian bought one ??? Chain.

Dan Kelly bought one set horse gears.

John A. King bought one axe.

Duffle Lang - Barrel & timothy
Duffle Lauge - one cutting knife

Jacob Leapley bought Shovel & tongues.

Simon Lemasters bought one hide and one cow hide.

A bedstead had a rope bottom that the feather mattress lay on. Seth Mahuren [Mahurin] bought one Bedstead & cord, 1 Teakettle & Skillet, one bucket and one Table. Seth lived in Franklin Township he was John Howdyshell's father-in-law.
  Thomas McVay bought one light wagon. He lived in Franklin Township.
  Timothy Martin bought a Stuessest?. Timothy lived in Franklin Township.

Amos Mattlocks bought the red cow blind in one eye and one calf.

Andrew Moothart bought one sled, 1 pitchfork and a Bolster.

A brindled cow is gray or tawny with darker streaks or spots. Benjamin Noggle bought one skillet and lid, a Brindle cow, one lot bed clothing, one Mattock and one Sugar Kettle. Andrew Nogle from Fairfield county settled in 1833 in section 30
  Christian Oxburger bought one calf, three chairs. Frederick Oxburger came to Dinsmore Township in 1834 from Germany.

Augustus Richards bought one red steer.

Milton Richards bought one book.

Thomas Robbin bought one white Sow.

Jesse Rush bought one iron hook, one fou plain, one Sythe Snead and one Sythe.


A scythe or a sickle is a hand tool for reaping crops. The handle of a scythe is a snead.


A doubletree is a pivoted bar with a whiffletree attached to each end, used in harnessing two horses abreast.

A kraut cutter is used to shred cabbage for sauerkraut.

James Skillen bought three bears skins, one pair stretchers, and a halter chain.

William Skillen bought one kraut cutter and one bridle.

William Skillen Junior bought one Doubletree.

The Skillens lived in Loramie Township. William Skillen came from Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania..James and William were brothers. James was the father of Sarah Craig Skillen who married Jason Taylor.


A flakestand is used to make moonshine. It is a barrel that is constantly cooled with water into which the worm or copper coil is submerged.

Alfred Staley bought one blind Bridle, one set horse gears and one set gears for horse.

Levi Staley bought one bay mare, one keg, one Spade and Sythe & Snead.

John Staley bought the hogs in the woods, a flat Iron and one flakestand.




Richard Stiles bought one oxen and yolk, compass box wassers, one Griddle, one copper Teakettle and one rat trap

James Swander bought one bridlebit.


Abraham Taylor bought one book, one pocket book and one road wagon. Abraham was David's second oldest son.

George W. Taylor bought one box & tallow, one flatiron and a Lantern

John Taylor bought one pocket book, one box Irons, Sythe and Snead, and one set blacksmith tools. John was David's son.

Richard Taylor bought "one horse coult." Richard was David's son.

  Benjamin Vanator bought one Fr??, one Dung fork, one grindstone, one crane, and one horse colt VanVactor in 1840 census of Washington Township.

Daniel Wale bought one rad iron,1 set cups & Sausers, Jug pot and Flaxseed.

Fanny Wale bought one pot, one tin bucket, one Jar,and two crocks.

Julius Wale bought one axe, 1 sugar Bowl, 1 set plates, one coffee mill,
one churn, 1 Bottle, teacanister, Ink Stand, Eight books, one pillow, 2 blankets, and 1 Drawing knife.

Timothy Wale bought one skillet & lid, one tra knivs & plates, Trunel bedstead, beding, one slate, Rasors & box, one Chest, one Bedstead & Cord, one kettle, one half bushel, one bottle Spirits Turpintine, one tray, three Jugs and one chest.

The Wales were from Jackson Township, Shelby County.Timothy Wales was born about 1759 and was of Quaker descent. He served in the Revolutionary war. He moved from Pennsylvania to Shelby County in 1835. His wife was named Elizabeth. He died about 1849.

A sorrel horse is light brown.

Gabriel Y. Wilkinson bought one black coult, one hog, and one bridle.

John M. Wilson bought a Bucket, one set of Sash, and one Dutch oven.

William Wingate bought one sorrel Mare and 1 set candlesrods.

John Wood bought hipstraps for two horses.


Jacob Woodring bought a Log chain.

Adam Young bought an inkstand and Powderhorn.

Philip Young Junior bought one Augar, a half inch Augar and one ring mall.

Note: One brindle heiffer killed by th family and eat up.

Jacob Woodring was from Franklin Township and was part of the Reformed Church Society that started in 1832.
  Page 17
The state of Ohio ??? John Lenox a justice of the peace in and for ?? Shelby County
Personally came John D. Wilson, Silas D. Allen and James Skillen.Appraisement of the estate of David Taylor late of Dinsmore Township in said county decease an ??? ??? Well and truly appraise all the goods and chattel of said state which shall be presented to them for appraisement and also set off to the widow of said decease such provisions or other property as they think reasonable for support of herself and children twelve months from the time of death of said decease.
John Lenox, JP

Tools were an important legacy because they were essential part of daily life.
Estate inventories give us a glance into the home life of Colonial Americans.

Page 17-19
A true and accurate inventory of the goods and chattels of the estate of David Taylor late of Dinsmore Township Shelby County Deceased presented to us the undersigned appraisers of said estate of John Lenox the administrator thereof the fourth day of September A.D. 1834.

One road wagon Bed and Doubletree
One sorrel Mare
One Black Colt
One sorrel colt two years old
One sorrel colt two years old
Two hogs in the pen
One tar bucket
One belt and collar
One hide
One bell and collar
Three hogsheads and three barrels
Two sets of hind gears
One set of fore gears
One strecher and singletrees
One bacudase
One dungfork
Misc shullerchains bridle and curry comb
Indesc.shovel and shade
One sled
One logchain
Four axes
One fifth chain
One patent plow
One shovel plow
One mould board cast metal
One bucket and half peck measure
One grind stone and axettree
Two sythes hangings and three sneads
One coulter plow
Three sickles cradle rods and screws
One wheel barrow wheel
Two clevues and doubletree
Two iron wedges and a cooper adze and stone hammer
Four augars and pitchfork
One saddle halfbushel & peck measure
One peck full of old iron
Windmill irons and pare of horseshoes
One crane rod irons three stirrips
A full set of black tools
One lot steel and iron a chisel drawing knife and backscrews
One riddle and base some shoemaker tools two trowels
One writing desk
One lot of books
One rifle gun
Powderhorn and bullet pouch
Two large kettles and stew pot
One well bucket one axe
One lot of barrels and vinegar keg
One grittle and bail skillet old teakettle and and pail
One Pot teakettle and oven
One hand
One churn ad bred trea
Two coffe mills and two tin buckets
One sieve and bucket
Cabge knife and one bucket with lid
One padlock two teapots and powder horn
Yeast bottle two canisters and pint bottle
One set cups saucers coffe pot pint bottle
Two pare of shears
Four crocks bowl and shaving base
Three ladles and lamp
Shovel and tongs knife base and six spoons
Iron square and butcher knife
Blowl chain and toe hooks
One chest and looking glass
One lot of vials
One trunnel bedstead two featherbeds three covers bolsters pillow
Two sheets & four towels
Four pillowslips
One bedlick and three sheets
Four blankts
Four bags
One pare of Hiliards
One Hait
One clothes base
One chest
One keg three bearskins
One lot of leather and leather line
One clock a lantern two sythes and a strap iron
One box of hemp seed and tallow five pine dash
One box of glass and trap
Four jugs ????? bridlebit old Coffepot
One spinning wheel Cradle and reel
One; xxx
One bed beding and bedstead
One feather bed
One bedstead bed and beding
One hoseplain
Two plow barrels and some timothy seis
Smoothing irons ?? setter
Lot of corn supposed to be 3 acres
Three chairs
One bell and collar

Personal property can be called personalty (personality), goods, chattels, articles, or movable property. It includes both animate or inanimate property.

Horse Terms
Foal: less than 1 year old
Yearling: between 1 & 2
Colt: male under 4
Filly: female under 4
Mare: female over 4
Gelding: castrated male
: non-castrated male over 4

[p. 10] ;
Shelby Common pleas
Sale Bill
D. Taylor’s
Filed Nov 24
J. A.Wells
Record Book
No one page 256
Etc J. A. Wells clk

THE CONDITION of the above obligation is such whereas by the Court of Common Pleas of the County aforesaid.; I John Lenox was dully appointed administrator of the estate of David Taylor late of same County deceased.

Now, If the said John Lenox shall from time to time, and at all times hereafter, well and faithful do, discharge and perform all and singular the duties enjoined on him as administrator aforesaid according to law then the above obligation to be void and of non-effect’ otherwise to be and remain in full force and virtue in law.

P. 20 Shelby common pleas
D. Taylor; Estate
Filed Nov 24, 1854
J. A. Wells
Recorded Feb 9th 1835
In book no one
Page 253 &c
J. A. Wells
The amount of Bill of appraisement 462.06
Appraised by us the day and year written
John M. Wilson
Silas; D. Allen
James Skillon

Page 21
Shelby Common pleas
D. Taylor Estate
Widows yearly allowance
Filed Nov 24, 1834
J. A. Wells