An American Family History


Leonard Kenoyer


"[L]iberty must at all hazards be supported.
We have a right to it, derived from our Maker.
But if we had not, our fathers have earned and bought it for us,
at the expense of their ease, their estates, their pleasure, and their blood."

-- John Adams, 1765


Kenoyer is also spelled Canarryer, Gnärr, Gnaer, Kanayer, Kenoyer, Knaer Knayer, Knawyer, Kneier, Kneir, Kneoyder, Kneyor, Kneuger, Kneuyer, Knoyer, Knier, Knyer

York County is in south central Pennsylvania and was created on August 19, 1749 from part of Lancaster County.

Baltimore County, Maryland was founded in 1659 and included most of northeastern Maryland. The original county included parts of Cecil, Frederick, Harford, Carroll, and Baltimore Counties.

Lush forests in Colonial America allowed settlers to build wooden homes.

Leonard Kenoyer was born on June 8, 1759 in York County, Pennsylvania. His parents were Leonard and Barbara Kenoyer.

He was baptized on June 22, 1759 in York County, Pennsylvania. by the Reverend Schlegel at Daniel Votring's meeting room. His sponsors were Melchior Schmidt, Adam Hoff, Christopher Haller, and Peter Pinckele.

In 1776 he served in the Pennsylvania state militia during the American Revolution in Captain George Hoover's Company.

He married Margaretha Shultz.

He owned a plantation called Gum Run, which consisted of 60 acres in Hopewell (or North Hopewell) Township, York County. He bought it on December 10, 1789 from William Miller.

In 1790 they (Leonard Noyor) were living in York Township, York County, Pennsylvania. The household consisted of a man over 16 and a female.

They were sponsors at the baptism of her brother, Michael's daughter, Margaretha Shultz.

In March, 1792 there was a criminal case against Daniel and Andrew Gelwix for assaulting Leonard Kenoyer. (Clerk of Courts Quarter Session Dockets, Book 15, p. 138) They were convicted and fined 10£ each. On March 18, 1793 the fine was remitted.

On March 21, 1794 Leonard sold Gum Run to Peter Schanberger Jr. On January 25, 1797 and August 30, 1797 he purchased two properties in Baltimore County, Maryland which is just south of York County, Pennsylvania. 95 acres was called Iron Intention and 30 acres was called Dacres Plague.

At his death, 102½ acres were still in his possession. He had sold 22½ acres to Mr. Stump.

Leonard Knoyer signed his will on September 26,1800. He ordered everything to be sold except his wife's bed and bedstead and one comb.

He died before December 21, 1808 in Baltimore County, Maryland

The total estate sale came to: $923.52. Half was given to his wife and half invested with trustee, Edward Brown. The interest went to the widow if she did not remarry. When she died the 2nd half of the estate was to be divided between the children of his oldest sister and the children of her older brother.

Margaret married Edward Brown, the trustee of her husband's estate, by July 15, 1812.

Margaret died before February 19, 1814.

Children of Leonard Kneyer
and Anna Barbara Buck

  • Barbara Kenoyer Kessler
  • Johann Ulrich Kenoyer
  • Leonard Kenoyer
  • Catharina Elizabeth Kenoyer Clouse
  • Frederick Kenoyer
  • Christian Kenoyer
  • Anna Maria Kenoyer
  • Choosing a Godparent sponsor was not just a formality in 17th century Germany. Each child had one Godparent of the same gender. It established ties between families that were near kinship. The Godparent was expected to provide spiritual support and material support in times of need.
    A militia is a military unit composed of citizens who are called up in time of need.

    In the Philadelphia yellow fever epidemic of 1793, 5000 or more people died between August 1 and November 9.

    Pennsylvania is one of the 13 original states and was originally founded in 1681 as a result of a royal land grant to William Penn, the son of the state's namesake.



    Colonial Maryland
    Colonial New England
    Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
    Quakers & Mennonites
    New Jersey Baptists
    German Lutherans
    Watauga Settlement
    Pennsylvania Pioneers
    Midwest Pioneers
    Jewish Immigrants

    ©Roberta Tuller 2023
    An American Family History is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program,
    an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
    As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.