An American Family History


Henry Baker

Many settlers in the Shenandoah Valley were Germans from Pennsylvania called the "Shenandoah Deitsch."
Buildings in Clark County, Ohio ranged from simple log cabins to sophisticated Italianate and Gothic Revival structures.

In 1607 the London Company established Virginia as the first permanent New World English colony.

Henry Baker was born about 1760 Shenandoah County, Virginia which is now Page County. His parents were Philip Baker and Anna Catherine Gramm

He married Magdalena Miller about 1779 in Virginia. Magdalena was born March 3, 1766 in Virginia and was the daughter of Christian and Mary Miller.

Their children, listed in his probate records, were:

Catherine Baker Nawman (1785, married Thomas Nawman),
Samuel Baker (1788, may have married Mary Nawman),
Jacob Baker (1789),
Daniel Baker ,
John Baker (married Susannah Nawman),
Magdalena Baker Kemp (Solomon Kemp),
Elizabeth Baker Rust (married Jacob Rust), and
Henry Baker, Jr. (1795, married Veronica Baker daughter of Rudolph Baker).

There were two Samuel Bakers who were born about the same time. One was the son of Henry Baker and the other the son of Jacob. It isn't clear which Samuel married Mary. . Mary's siblings married children of Henry.

Jacob and Elizabeth Rust
Jacob and Elizabeth Rust
photo courtesy of
Robert Pilcher

Henry and Magdalena were early settlers in Clark County, Ohio. In 1820 Henry Baker was in Green Township, Clark County, Ohio. The household consisted of a man and a woman over 45, a woman and two men between 16 and 25 and a boy between 10 and 15.

At the time of the 1830 census there were three Henry Baker households in German Township, Clark County. One household consisted of a man between 60 and 69 (Henry age 70) and a woman between 50 and 59 (Magdalena age 64). They lived next to David and Adam Baker and the Rust Family.

Henry, Sr. died on April 2, 1839 in Clark County, Ohio. Magdalena died on March 3, 1847.

Children of Philip Baker
and Anna Catherine Gramm
  • Jacob Baker
  • John (Johannes) Baker
  • Philip Baker
  • Henry Baker
  • Conrad Baker
  • Samuel Baker
  • Daniel Baker
  • Martin Baker
  • Rudolph Baker
  • Anna Elizabeth Baker Ransbarger
  • In 1831 Page County, Virginia was created from Rockingham and Shenandoah Counties. Originally it was part of Frederick County.

    Springfield, Ohio - 1846 - Henry Howe

    Clark County, Ohio was formed March 1, 1817, from Champaign, Madison and Greene Counties. The first settlement was in 1796. The inhabitants of German Township were German Lutherans who came from Virginia.

    American pioneers migrated west to settle areas not previously inhabited by European Americans.

    The Miami Valley is in southwest Ohio. It includes parts of Montgomery, Greene, Preble, Clark, Miami, Darke, Champaign, Shelby, Logan, Butler, and Warren counties.




    A Henry Baker married Frances (Fanny) Baker on December 5, 1825 in Clark County, Ohio.

    At the time of the 1830 census there were three Henry Baker households in German Township, Clark County. One household included a man between 30 and 39, a woman between 20 and 29, 2 boys and a girl under 5. He lived next to Benjamin Miller and was on the same page as Henry Baker, Sr.

    In 1840 there were also 3 households a man between 40 and 49, a woman between 30 and 39, a boy and a girl between 10 and 14 (Levi 14 & Catharine 12), 2 boys and 2 girls between 5 and 9 (Ambrose, Joshua, Rebecca & Mary), and a boy and a girl under 5 (Frances & Henry). This Henry was on the same page with Samuel and David.

    In 1850 there was only one Henry Baker in Clark County. He was 55 and married to Frances Baker 51. His children were Levi 24, Catharine 22, Ambrose 20, Joshua 18, Rebecca 16, Mary M. Baker 14, Frances Baker 13, Henry Baker 12, Rudolph Baker 11, Elizabeth Baker 9, Susanna Baker 8, and Samuel Baker 4.



    Biographical Memoirs of Wells County, Indiana, 1903. pp. 386-388.

    For many years Joel Kemp has been a forceful factor in the growth and prosperity of Harrison township, and as such his name and reputation have extended far beyond the limits of the locality in which the greater part of his life has been spent. The subject's father was born in Maryland and his mother in Virginia. Their respective families emigrated to Clark county, Ohio, and there Solomon Kemp and Elizabeth Baker were united in marriage.

    The former owned a farm in Ohio, but in 1839 he came to Wells county and there bought of Abe Studabaker a farm of two hundred and twelve acres situated in section 3, Harrison township, paying for the same one thousand dollars. He entered actively upon the operation of this farm and made it his home until his death in 1850. They were the parents of eight children, three boys and five girls, of whom there are now but two surviving, the subject and Amanda, the wife of Abe Neuswander. The father willed all the land to the subject. . .

    Wells County, Indiana was first settled in 1829 and officially constituted in 1837.

    Thomas Baker, farmer; P.O. Eagle City; born in this county and township Aug. 4, 1820; is a son of John [Baker] and Susannah (Nawman) Baker, natives of Virginia (for the Nawman family, see sketch of Samuel Nawman in this work). The grandfather, Henry Baker, was a native of Virginia, but became one of the early pioneers of Clark Co., and died here.

    John and Susannah were parents of eight children; five now survive - Thomas, Elizabeth, John, Cyrus and Susanna. They located about one mile north of Lawrenceville, where they lived until their death; she died some fifty years ago. He [John] was again married, to Christiana Miller, by whom he had ten children; seven now living - Henry, Aaron, William H., George W., Catharine, Levi and Simon. He died over twenty years ago.

    Our subject made his home with his father until 28 years of age. Was married, in 1849, to Lydia daughter of John and Margaret Hause, natives of Pennsylvania. Issue, six children; three now survive - Harmon H., Emanuel A. and Cyrus W. Mr. Baker, after his marriage, located upon the farm where he now resides, and has made a continued residence of thirty-one years. His farm consists of 36 acres of fine bottomland in the Mad River Valley, most of which is in good cultivation, and constitutes him a very pleasant home and residence. From the History of Clark County, p. 998


    When a mark is used for a signature, the person was probably illiterate, but may not have been able to sign because of age or infirmity.

    Horse Terms
    Foal: less than 1 year old
    Yearling: between 1 & 2
    Colt: male under 4
    Filly: female under 4
    Mare: female over 4
    Gelding: castrated male
    : non-castrated male over 4

    Will of Henry Baker
    Clark County Will Book 2, page 97
    written: 3 April 1839
    probate: 10 October 1839
    In the name of God, Amen. I, Henry Baker, of the county of Clark, and state of Ohio, being weak in body but of sound and disposing mind, memory and understanding thanks be to Almighty God for the same, do hereby make and publish this last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say,
    First: it is my will that my funeral expenses be fully paid.
    Second: I give devise and bequeath to my beloved wife Magdelana Baker, in lieu of her dower, the plantation on which she now resides, situated in the township of German, in the county of Clark, and state of Ohio, containing about thirty acres during her natural life and all the livestock by me now owned and kept thereon, also all the household furniture and other items not particularly named and otherwise disposed of in this will during her natural life aforesaid. She ______ first disposing of a sufficiency thereof to pay my funeral as aforesaid.

    And that at the death of my said wife all the property hereby devised or bequeathed to her as aforesaid or so much thereof as may there may remain unexpended to my five sons and two daughters, Samuel Baker, John Baker, Henry Baker, Jacob Baker and Daniel Baker and Catherine Nawman and Elizabeth Rust and to their heirs and assigns forever.

    Third: I give an bequeath to my above named five sons and two daughters the amount of two hundred dollars now due for which I intend if I have to divide and the remaining three hundred shall be equally distributed among my five sons and two daughters including primary notes and receipts now in my possession, with this provide or exception that my wife receive the one eighth part of the three hundred dollars and the balance to my five sons and two daughters and their heirs and assigns forever.

    Fourth: I have given to my daughter Magdelana and her husband Solomon Kemp one hundred and six dollars fifty six of which has been receipted for and the balance therein is no receipt. The above is all that is to be considered as a legacy for this said daughter and her heirs forever

    And lastly I hereby constitute and appoint my oldest son Samuel Baker to be my executor for this my last will and testament revoking and annulling all former wills by me made and ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last will and testament set my hand this 3rd day of April A.D. 1839.

    Henry "X" Baker (his mark)
    Signed, published and delivered by the above named Henry Baker Sen. as and for his last will and testament in the presence of who at his request have signed as witness to the same.
    John Pence,
    Martin Baker

    Probate Clark County, Court of Common Pleas, October 10, 1839

    personally came in open court John Pence and Martin Baker subscribing witnesses to the last will and testament of Henry Baker late of said county deceased, who being duly sworn dispose and say that they were present at the execution of said will, that they saw the said testator sign and heard him acknowledge the same as his last will and testament and that at the time of the execution thereof said testator was of full age, of sound mind and memory and not under any restraint.
    John Pence,
    Martin Baker.
    Sworn and ? in open court the day and year first above written,
    James S. Halsey, Clerk

    A Dower is a provision for a wife's support should her husband die before her. Her dower right was the use of ? of her husband's estate. The dower was settled on the bride at the time of the wedding. A drowry was the property a bride brought to her marriage.

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    ©Roberta Tuller 2020
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