An American Family History

Thomas Long


"...never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced...-- Abraham Lincoln 1863

Thomas Long

Dysentery is an infectious disease marked by inflammation and ulceration of the lower part of the bowels, with diarrhea that becomes mucous and hemorrhagic.

Lucas County is in south central Iowa. It was founded in 1846 and the county seat is Chariton.

Ulysses S. Grant (1822 – 1885), the 18th President of the United States, was the commanding general who led the Union Armies to victory.

In the 1830s settlers began arriving in Iowa from Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Indiana, Kentucky, and Virginia. Iowa became a state in 1846.

Illinois became a state in 1818. A large influx of American settlers came in the 1810s by the Ohio River.

Thomas Long was born on May 22, 1838 in Fairfield County, Ohio according to his application for a Civil War pension. His father was John H. Long and his mother was Sarah Ann LeFevre.

John was 5 feet 10 inches and had a dark complexion, black eyes and dark hair.

He joined the Union Army on September 8, 1861 as a private in Captain Frank Fisk's Company H of the 4th Illinois Cavalry which was made up of volunteers from Logan and Tazewell Counties. On September 26, 1861, the Regiment was mustered into service and marched to Springfield and to receive arms and then marched south to Cairo, Illinois. Thomas drove a wagon from September 27, 1861 to June 1, 1863. It was noted in August, 1862 that he owned his own horse and equipment.

In December 1861 the regiment was the advance body of a march east to Columbus. At Milburn, Illinois, Company H was selected to carry dispatches a few miles east to Mayfield to General C. F. Smith.

Thomas was in Ottawa, Illinois from February 5 to February 7, 1862 and Thomas suffered from catarrah.

They returned their old quarters in Cairo and stayed there until ordered to Fort Henry in Eastern Tennessee. They went by steamer as far as Parsons' Ferry and then by land to Panther Island where they were ordered to to drive in the rebel pickets in advance of General McClernand's Division.

Immediately following the surrender of Fort Donelson the regiment moved to Randolph Forges where it remained until ordered back to the Tennessee River, opposite the mouth of the Sandy.

The regiment was again loaded on steamers and went to Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee where they participated in the battle of Shiloh which was April 6th and 7th in 1862. They camped on the bluff. They were assigned to a brigade command by Brigadier General Louman. Company H was assigned to General Sherman. They moved to the front on Saturday and camped to the left of the old church near the Fifty-third Ohio Infantry. On the morning of the 6th, while eating breakfast, under a shower of bullets, the regiment was ordered to mount at once and report to General Sherman.

After the battle of Shiloh the Fourth scouted the front and led a raid upon Purdy and the railroad, capturing a train, destroying a considerable amount of track and several bridges.

During the Seige of Corinth, Mississippi from April 29 to May 30, 1862, the part of the regiment under Sherman advanced on the right, and continued until the explosion of ammunition in Corinth convinced General Halleck that Beauregard had succeeded in withdrawing his entire army. After entering Corinth, still in front of Sherman, the Regiment was slowly sent towards the west, finally reaching Memphis, Tennessee in August, 1862. Thomas suffered from dysentery from July 24 to August 9, 1862.

They moved from Corinth in September, 1862 to Trenton, on the line of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad where they scouted the line. They remained until the movement down the line of that road and the Mississippi Central began, when, under Colonel Lee, of the Seventh Kansas, commanding a Brigade of Cavalry, it struck Vandorn and Price near Holly Springs, and followed them to near Coffeeville, where it lost Lieutenant Colonel McCullough in a night fight, and fell back to Water Valley, and with the withdrawal of General Grant back to the line of the Memphis and Charleston road, Moscow and Collierville.

After staying at Bolivar about three weeks, the Regiment returned to its headquarters, then stationed at Collierville, where it remained until August, 1863, when it was ordered to Vicksburg, where the Regiment was united. After staying a few days at Vicksburg. From Vicksburg the Regiment was sent to Natchez, in the winter of 1863-4.

Thomas was  promoted to corporal on May 1, 1864. He was later promoted to sergeant. He transferred to Company M of the 12th Illinois Cavalry. He was honorably discharged on January 3, 1864 at Natchez, Mississippi.

He reenlisted January 4, 1864. He served as sergeant in Company M under Lieutenant Charles H. Busson in the Illinois Veteran Cavalry Volunteers. He was on furlough from March 18, 1864 to April 30, 1864. He transferred to company E in the consolidation on October 17, 1864. He was again honorably discharged May 29, 1866 at Houston, Texas.

He married Louisa Taylor on March 28, 1868. Their family and life together are described in detail in the section on Thomas and Louisa Long.

Long Family
Thomas with other family members

According to his pension application, he began to suffer from heart trouble in 1877 and that it was not due to "any vicious habits."

He became a widower when Louisa died on April 12, 1911. He died of heart failure on June 21, 1917 near Kintyre, North Dakota. He is buried in Napoleon Cemetery in Logan County, North Dakota with his wife and daughter Viola.
Children of John H. Long
and Mary LeFevre:
  • Thomas Long
  • Elizabeth J. Long
  • Rebecca M. Long Richards
  • John H. Long
  • Margaret Long

  • Children of John and Sarah:
  • Jerome Chancey Long
  • Wesley Long
  • Jacob Long

    Children of John
  • and Sarah Freestone:
  • Mary Ann Brinson Marshall Spafford
  • George Long
  • Harry Hurburt Long
  • Rosa May Long Myers
  • Horace Mickel Long
  • David Alvin Long
  • Children of Thomas Long
    and Louisa Taylor
  • Viola Belle Long Bertrand O'Dea
  • Franklin Monroe Long
  • Lura Alzada Long Shafer
  • Emma Eldora Long Vie
  • Clara May Long Lane Posekany
  • Fairfield County, Ohio originally encompassed all or parts of present day Knox, Hocking, Licking, Perry, and Pickaway counties.

    Catarrah is an inflammation of a mucous membrane, especially in the respiratory tract, accompanied by excessive secretions.

    Logan County is in south central North Dakota. The county seat is Napoleon.

    The first U.S. railroad opened in the 1830s. In 1869 the first transcontinental railway was completed.

    In the Civil War (1861 to 1865) eleven Southern states seceded from the U.S. and formed the Confederate States of America.

    The Civil War had more casualties than any other American war. Disease and infection were the biggest killers.

    Thomas Long's Tombstone



    Veteran of Civil War, After a Lingering Illness, Passes Away Last Saturday Morning at Home of  Daughter

    At no time in the history of Napoleon was a funeral cortege to equal that of  last Monday, when  the remains of Thomas Long, Civil war veteran and highly respected citizen were carried to their  last earthly resting pace in the Napoleon cemetery. No greater tribute was ever paid a passing soul in Logan county and the large numbers who attended the services paid a respect that the deceased well earned as a true American citizen, kind and generous through life. His faith in the United States was demonstrated with two enlistment's in the army and it is with sorrow we  chronicle his death at this time for no greater joy could have entertained his patriotic spirit than to see their country victorious in its aim at world-wide liberty and everlasting peace.

    Thomas Long was born in the State of Indiana, May 22, 1838, died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. LeRoy Shafer, near Kintyre, N.D., June 21, 1917, at the age of 79 years, 1 month and 1 day, after an illness of about five months. 

    While quite a small boy he went with his parents to Ohio and  later to Delavan, Ill., where he enlisted Aug. 8, 1861, as a private in Co.H, 4th Ill. Cav., was  promoted to corporal and later to sergeant.Was honorably discharged Jan 3, 1864, but enlisted  the same day as sergeant in Co. M, 12 Ill. Cav. Was again honorably discharged May 29, 1866. 

    After the war he was united in marriage at Lincoln, Ill, March 28, 1868 to Louisa Taylor, who departed this life April 12, 1911. To this union were born six children, two sons (one dying in  infancy) and four daughters. The children left to mourn the loss of a kind and loving father are:  Viola B. Bertrand, Franklin M. Long and E. Eldora Vie, Braddock, N.D., and Clara M. Lane, Chariton, Iowa, all being present at the last sad rites. 

    In the year 1885 he went from Illinois to Lucas County, Iowa where with his family he settled on a farm near Chariton, where he remained until the year of 1883. He then moved to Warren county, the same state, and in the year of 1894 he went to Webster county, where he again settled on a farm, from which place he came to Napoleon near which place he has made his home for the past fifteen years.

    Short funeral services were held at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Roy Shafter, at Kintyre and at the M.E. church, in this city, Monday afternoon, Rev. Stowell of Kintyre officiating. It was the largest funeral in the history of Napoleon and practically all business was suspended. 

    Emmons County, North Dakota is in the center of the southern border of North Dakota. Braddock was established in 1898. Extreme seasonal variations in temperature made life difficult for settlers.

    DNA match with other descendant in this line.
    Jacob LeFevre
    Mary LeFevre Long
    Thomas Long
    Viola Long Bertrand
    Emma Ethel Bertrand
    Virginia Smith Miller

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    ©Roberta Tuller 2020
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