An American Family History

William Long

Fairfield County is in central Ohio. The county seat is Lancaster.

Pennsylvania is one of the 13 original states and was originally founded in 1681 as a result of a royal land grant to William Penn, the son of the state's namesake.


William Long was born in Barree Township, Huntington County, Pennsylvania about 1785. At that time it was in Bedford County. His father was William Long.

The Long family moved on to Fairfield County, Ohio in 1806.

He married Rachel Cole on October 6, 1812. She was the daughter of Thomas Cole and Elizabeth Stevens.

William and Rachel had at least four children;
Bethia H. Long (1814, married her cousin, John Long),
William Long (1815),
Harrison Long (1815, married Lucinda), and
Mary Long (1820).

At the time of the 1830 census the William Long, Jr. household consisted of:

one man between 40 and 50 - William born 1780-1790
one woman between 30 and 40 - Sarah
two boys between 15 and 20 - William age 15
one boy between 10 and 15 - Harrison age 13
one girl between 10 and 15 - Bethia age 16?
two girls between five and 10 - Mary age 10
one girl under five

Barree Township, Pennsylvania was formed in 1767 and was originally part of of Cumberland County, then it became part of Bedford County until 1787 when it became part of Huntingdon County.

Shays's Rebellion was an armed uprising in Massachusetts in 1786 and 1787. Daniel Shays led four thousand rebels (Shaysites) in rising up against perceived economic injustices.

Daniel Shays and Job Shattuck
from Bickerstaff's Boston Almanack

Fairfield County, Ohio
Bedford County, Pennsylvania was created on March 9, 1771 from part of Cumberland County.

In the War of 1812 (1812-1815) the United States declared war on England because of trade restrictions, impressment, and British support for Indian attacks. They signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814 after reaching a stalemate.



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©Roberta Tuller 2020
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