An American Family History


Abel Lewis Eaves


Rutherford County, North Carolina was formed in 1779 from Tyron County.
Tyron was formed in 1768 from Mecklenburg.
Mecklenberg was formed in 1763 from Anson.
Anson was formed in 1750 from Bladen.
Bladen was formed in 1734 from New Hanover.
In 1791 parts of Rutherford and Burke were combined to form Buncombe.
In 1841 parts of Rutherford and Lincolnwere combined to form Cleveland.
In 1842 additional parts of Rutherford and Burke were combined to form McDowell.
In 1855 parts of Rutherford and Henderson were combined to form Polk.


North Carolina was one of the thirteen original Colonies. It was first settled by small farmers and grew quickly in the mid 18th century.

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America and was ratified in 1789.

Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.

Abel Lewis Eaves was born about 1789 in Rutherford County, North Carolina. His parents were Bartlett and Charity Eaves. He was probably named for Abel Lewis.

Abel married Sarah Agnes Flood on March 10, 1812 in Jasper County, Georgia. Agnes Flood was born about 1795 in Georgia.

Abel and Agnes' children included:

Sarah H. Eaves (1813),
Isaac Suttle Eaves (1815),
Charity Berryman Eaves (1817),
Andrew Jackson Eaves (1819),
Elizabeth Agnes Eaves (1821),
Hassman H. Eaves (1823),
James Bartlett Eaves (1825),
Nancy E. Eaves (1827),
Female Eaves (1829),
Lucinda Eaves (1831),
Sinthey Caroline Eaves, and
Mary Elizabeth Eaves (1836).

Abel was a private from August 7, 1814 to February 7, 1815 in Wootton's Detachment, Georgia Militia. He volunteered in Jasper County, and served under Capt. Gilbert D. Grier. The milita gathered at Fort Hawkins and then marched to Fort Mitchell. While there Abel contracted a disease from exposure which would

prey upon his system until the present time [of his pension application] rendering him entirely useless to his family and a tax and burthen on their heads and that he is poor and has a very large family and that in consequence of this disease is almost helpless.

In an 1860 declaration, Agnes said he had been "taken with the measles" while stationed at Fort Mitchell about one month before the end of his service, "and from the effects of which attack of measles he never recovered."

At the time of the 1830 census the household was in Marengo County, Alabama. The household consisted of

Males - 40 thru 49: 1
Females - 30 thru 39: 1
Males - 20 thru 29: 1
Males - 10 thru 14: 2
Females - 10 thru 14: 1
Males - 5 thru 9: 2
Females - 5 thru 9: 1
Females - Under 5: 2

Abel Lewis Eaves and his brothers, Burrell, Bartlett and Jesse B., and his son-in-law, Elijah E. Pruitt moved to Texas where, according to his wife's application for a widow's pension he received a warrant for 80 acres.

Able Lewis Eaves arrived in Texas in October, 1835 and was granted Head Right Certificate No. 148 on June 5, 1838. Abel sold his head right to Glasscock by June, 1838.

The family then moved to Lousiana where they bought a 39.8 acre farm. It was the south half of the east half of the southwest squarter of section 20, township 5, range 12.

The Abel Lewis Eaves family, along with two people they had enslaved, were recorded in the 1840 census of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana.

Abel Lewis Eaves applied for his War of 1812 pension on 27 Sept 1847. Peter A. Ragan said that he

seems to be a very infirm old man entirely unable to work, almost helpless, in consequence of being very badly afflicted with the Asthma...I consider him entirely unable to assist his family in any way toward getting support.

J. B. Browne said he had known Abel . since 1814, when when they volunteered

he was in good health and after he returned home from the service, his health became delicate and continued to decline until his disease seemed to settle in a fixed Asthma which has continued with him ever since, gradually wearing him out, and he is now helpless, not capable of giving his family any assistance, that he is poor and an object of charity...

His pension application was rejected. The pension department wrote

it appears from the roll of Capt. Gilbert D. Grier's Company of Georgia Militia, to the 7th Feb, 1815, that Abel Lewis Eaves, a private entered the service the 7th Aug 1814 and is mustered present without remark. The roll afford us no source of his having sustained any injury while in this service.

Abel Lewis Eaves died on December 28, 1850. He died on Caney Bayou, Sabine Parish, Louisiana.

Andrew Jackson Eaves was appointed administrator of the sucession on November 22, 1853.

In December, 1854, Agnes and her children sold the family farm in Sabine Parish, Lousiana to Mary L. Caldwell for $150. The deed transfer was signed 3 Dec 1854 with an "X" by Agnes Eaves, and her children, Charity B. Meadows, Lucinday A. Miller, Sinthey Caroline Eaves, Elizabeth Dainwood, and Sarah H. Pruitt. Isaac Eaves and Mary E. Eaves. Sons in law William Meadows, Samuel Miller, Samuell Dainwood and E. D. Pruitt also signed the deed.

The majority of the family moved to Texas by 1857 .

In the War of 1812 (1812-1815) the United States declared war on England because of trade restrictions, impressment, and British support for Indian attacks. They signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814 after reaching a stalemate.

A militia is a military unit composed of citizens who are called up in time of need.



Abel Lewis Eaves (Bartlett, Graves, William) was born about 1790 in North Carolina, almost certainly in Rutherford County; died 28 Dec. 1850 on Cancy Bayou, Sabine Parish, La. He married Agnes Flood March 1812 near Monticello in Jasper County, Ga. She was born about 1795 in Georgia (census), and is said to have been the daughter of James and Jane Flood, died after 1862 but before the 1870 census was taken, almost certainly in Tinity County, Texas.

Abel L. Eaves and his parents and silbings moved to Georgia about 1809. He was a War of 1812 veteran, volunteering for military service in


known Abel Lewis Eaves since 1814, when "he went out as a volunteer." "At that time," Browne said, Abel Lewis Eaves "was in good health and after he returned home from the service, his health became delicate and continued to decline until

Colonial Maryland
Colonial New England
Colonial Virginia & West Virginia
Quakers & Mennonites
New Jersey Baptists
German Lutherans
Watauga Settlement
Pennsylvania Pioneers
Midwest Pioneers
Jewish Immigrants

©Roberta Tuller 2020
An American Family History is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program,
an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.
As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.