An American Family History

Anne Maxwell Matthews

It was common for bequests to include wearing apparel.

Lush forests in Colonial America allowed settlers to build wooden homes.

Anne Maxwell Matthews was born about 1715 in the part of Baltimore County that is now Harford County, Maryland. Her parents were Colonel James Maxwell and Anne Groome.

In 1720, Anne (Groome) Felkes (or Phelks) left her some of her personal property.

She married planter, John Matthews on April 18, 1737. John was born June 26, 1714 and was the oldest son of Roger Matthews and Mary Carville. John's sister, Hannah Matthews, married Anne's brother, Ashael Maxwell.

They lived on the plantation, Matthew's Enlargement in St. George's Parish, Spesutia Lower Hundred, Baltimore (later became Harford) County. Anne and John were Anglican.

John and Anne's children included:
James Maxwell Matthews (1737/38),
Cassandra Matthews (1739),
John Matthews (1741),
Rebecca Matthews (1742-?, married Dr. Phillip Henderson).

Ann died on October, 20 1744.

After her death, John married Milcah Lusby. Milcah was born on January 15, 1723/24 in Anne Arundel County. Her father was Robert Lusby.

Mary Matthews (1749);
Hannah Matthews (1751);
Roger Matthews (1753);
Aquila Matthews (1756);
John Matthews (1757);
Milcah Matthews (1759);
Bennett Matthews (1761);
Naomi Matthews (ca. 1763);
Carvile Matthews (ca. 1769);
Frances Matthews (ca. 1765). and
Josias (Joseph) Matthews;

John's will was probated on December 3, 1783, in Harford County.

Children of James Maxwell and Mary Harmer:
  • James, the Elder, Maxwell
  • Eliza Ann Maxwell Ricketts

  • Children of James Maxwell and Anne Groome:
  • Ashael Maxwell
  • Elizabeth Maxwell
  • James, the Younger, Maxwell
  • Ann Maxwell Matthews
  • The first European settlements in Maryland were made in 1634 when English settlers created a permanent colony.
    Anne Arundel County, Maryland was established in 1650.


    A gentleman had no title, but descended from an aristocratic family, was of the landed gentry, and had a coat of arms.
    Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.

    Seals were used to authenticate documents and men were expected to have a personal die. Records in deed books are copies and signatures are usually in the clerk’s handwriting. The clerk drew a circle around the word “seal” to indicate that the original document was sealed.

    from A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature 1635-1789 by Edward C. Papenfuse, et. al.,Volume 426, Page 581, Maryland State Archives

    Matthews, John (1714-1783).
    Born: on June 26, 1714, in St. George's Parish, Baltimore County;
    eldest son.
    Native: third generation.
    Resided: on Matthew's Enlargement, St. George's Parish, Spesutia Lower Hundred, Baltimore (later became Harford) County.

    Famly Background
    Father: Roger Matthews (ca. 1685-1740).
    Mother: Mary Carvile (?-1718).
    Stepmother: after 1726 Elizabeth Garrett (?-ca. 1748/49).
    Brother: Roger [Matthews] (1718-?).
    Halfbrothers: James [Garrett] (1727-1760);
    Aquila [Garrett] (ca. 1733-1742);
    Levin [Garrett] (1736-?); and
    Bennett [Garrett] (ca. 1739-?).
    Sister: Hannah [Matthews] (1711-1782), who married third, John Hall (1701-1774).
    Half Sisters: Amelia [Garrett](1729-?);
    Ann (1731-?).
    John Hall, Jr. (1737-1770);
    Benedict Edward Hall (ca. 1744-1822);
    and Josias Carvil Hall (1746-1814).
    Nieces: Martha Hall (1735-?), who married second, John Rumsey
    (ca. 1742-1828);
    Mary Hall (1740-?), who married Benjamin Ramsey (1734-1808).

    Married first, on April 18, 1737, Ann (?-1744), daughter of
    James Maxwell (1662-1727/28).
    Her brothers or half brothers were
    James [Maxwell], the elder (?-1732);
    Robert [Maxwell] (?-1718/19);
    Aseal (Asabel) [Maxwell] (?-1729);
    and James, the younger [Maxwell] (ca. 1711-?).

    Married second, on February 23, ca. 1748, Milcah (ca. 1721-1795), daughter of Robert Lusby (?-1733) of Anne Arundel County, planter, and his wife Mary Baldwin.
    Milcah was the niece of John Baldwin (?-1752).
    Her brothers were:
    Robert [Lusby], who married Mary;
    Jacob [Lusby], who married Betty;
    Zachary [Lusby];
    Draper [Lusby] (?-1770), of Kent County;
    Henry [Lusby];
    and Joseph [Lusby] (?-1764), of Baltimore County.
    Her sisters were Mary [Lusby], who married (first name unknown) Turpin;
    Hannah [Lusby], who married in 1722 George Drew;
    Naomi [Lusby], who married in 1726 William Ghiselin;
    and Susanna [Lusby], who married in 1742 Samuel Johnson.
    Her first cousins were Catherine Griffith (1732-1793), who married Nicholas Worthington (1734-1793);
    Ann Baldwin (?-1776), who married Samuel Chase (1741-1811); and
    Hester Baldwin (?-1823), who married Jeremiah Townly Chase (1748-1828).

    James Maxwell (1737/38-?);
    John (1741-?);
    Roger (1753-?);
    Aquila (1756-?);
    John (1757-?);
    Bennett (1761-?);
    Carvile (ca. 1769-?); and
    Josias (Joseph).

    Cassandra (1739-died in infancy);
    Cassandra (1740-?);
    Rebecca (1742-?);
    Mary (1749-?);
    Hannah (1751-?);
    Milcah (1759-?);
    Naomi (ca. 1763-?);
    and Frances (ca. 1765-?).

    Private Career
    Education: literate
    Religious Affliation: Anglican, St. George's Parish, Baltimore County.

    Social Status and Activities:
    Mr., by 1737;
    Gent., by 1739;
    Esq., by

    Occupational profile: planter.

    Public career
    Legislative Service: Lower House, Baltimore County, 1751 (elected to the 3rd session of the 1749-1751 Assembly to fill vacancy),
    1770 (elected to third session of 1768-1770 Assembly).

    Local offices:
    churchwarden, St. George's Parish, Baltimore County, elected 1739;
    St. George's Parish Vestry, Baltimore County,elected 1744, 1750 (declined), 1754, 1757, 1774
    (declined because of "infirmities");
    justice, Baltimore County, 1749/50-1753, 1757-1759, 1761-
    at least 1763 (no records for 1764), 1765, by 1767-
    1769, 1772, Harford County, 1774, appointed 1777;
    Court of Appeals for Tax Assessments, Harford County, appointed 1778 ("never acted," replaced 1779).

    Military service: captain by 1748.

    Wealth During Lifetime
    Personal Property: 16 slaves and 1 servant, 1776; assessed value £797.10.0, including 11 slaves and 12 oz. plate,1783.

    Land at first election:
    585 acres in Baltimore County (ca. 563 acres received as a gift from his father in 1726,
    22 acres probably inherited from his father in 1740),
    plus control of 553 acres in Baltimore County acquired through his
    first marriage but given to his son James after the death of first wife (all of this land became part of Harford County in 1774).

    Significant changes in land between first election and death::

    acquired ca. 80 acres in Harford County, formerly part of his father's estate, by 1783; had accepted bonds for the conveyance of unspecified amounts of land in 1769 and 1775, but the transactions
    were not made by the time of his death

    Wealth at death.
    died: will probated on December 3, 1783, in Harford County.

    Personal property
    TEV, at least ca. £1,300.0.0 current money (including 13 slaves, 15 oz. plate).

    Land. ca. 670 acres in Harford County.

    Mister ( Mr.) was derived from master and Mrs. and Miss were derived from mistress. They indicated people of superior social status in colonial America.
    Slavery is an immoral system of forced labor where people are treated as property to be bought and sold. It was legal in the American Colonies and the United States until the Civil War.

    Lusby Joseph, Baltimore Co. 8 Mar, 1764
    All slaves to be sold except house wench and her 2 children, and the money put to interest and rents of my land to bring up and educate son.
    To son Josiah Lusby, estate.
    To sister Milcah Matthews, 30 lbs.
    To nephew Anthony Drew, 20 lbs.
    To friend William Ringgold, Negroes, Beck, Paul and Dinnah.
    Plates that contain the letters "P. K.," to be divided between my 9 nephews and nieces: Joseph and Mary Lusby, son and dau. of Draper Lusby of Kent Co.; Joseph, Sarah and Milcah Lusby, sons and dau. of Jacob Lusby; Aquila, Bennett and Milcah Matthews, sons and dau. of John and Milcah Matthews.
    Ex., Wm. Ringgold, to pay off my estate.
    Wit: Wm. Greenfield, Wm. Grill, John Reaves. 31. 1085


    John Matthews of Baltimore County

    On behalf of Maxwell Matthews, his son and minor,

    a certain James Maxwell had on 10 November 1695; a tract of land called Major’s Choice, containing 553 acres who gave the same to Azil [Ashael] Maxwell who bequeathed the same to Ann Maxwell, the petitioner’s wife and mother of James Maxwell Matthews which said Ann died intestate and land became right of James Maxwell Matthews, her eldest son and heir.
    Granted 18 March 1746.
    Maryland LW&P 1748-1749, FHC Film 0013092, page 546, Liber No. 70.

    John Matthews
    Baltimore County 27 March 1799 obtained a special warrant for parcel of land called Price’s Struggle, originally surveyed for 15 ¾ acres on 24 March 1795, with corrections now 17 ¼ acres. The land now called Matthews Struggle, lying in Baltimore County to tract of land called Mary’s Meadows to land called Shawan Hunting Ground. Granted 1 June 1815 Maryland LW&P 1812-1818, FHC Film 0013134, page 231.


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    ©Roberta Tuller 2020
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